The Communication Regulation Authority (Regulatorna agencija za komunikacije, CRA or RAK) established by the Law on Communications (Official Gazette BiH No. 33/02, 12 November 2002) is an independent state agency tasked with the regulation of the entire broadcasting sector. Its main tasks are:
- Regulating broadcasting and public telecommunications networks and services. In this field, the agency provides licenses to broadcasters and monitors their compliance to the license agreement;
- Planning the use of radio frequencies and assigning the frequencies to operators.
The CRA also monitors compliance of the operators to the established conditions and has executive powers to enforce rules and regulations set up by the law.
The Broadcasting System Board is the governing body for the public service broadcasting. It is composed of 12 members and, as Article 8 of the Law on PB System explains, is responsible for the radio and television tax and the harmonization of programming schedules through cooperation between governing bodies and management of public broadcasting services.
The Press Council (VZS) was established in 2000 under the guidance of the international community and was the first press council in the region. As pointed out in a 2011 UNESCO report about Professional Journalism and Self-regulation (page 27) the Press Council was widely supported by the international community. The Council is composed by 13 newspaper publishers, two representative of journalists’ associations and two members of the public, while its board consists of nine members. The Council also has a Complaint Commission composed by eight members and directed by a complaints officer.
The main mission of this self-regulatory body is to achieve the improvement of ethical and professional standards in print and online media, by supervising the application of the Press Code.
The Council decides on the complaints concerning all media, not only those who signed the code of ethics. The Council’s authority was extended in 2010 to cover online media. Compliance to the Council’s decisions, though, depends only on the will of the involved parties, since it has no binding executive powers. The Council’s only power is to suggest that a media violating the Code of Ethics publishes a correction.Back to top