Kosovo: Regulatory Bodies

Independent Media Commission

The Independent Media Commission (IMC) was established in 2005 as the independent regulatory body tasked with media regulation and specifically with licensing. The Commission is also mentioned in the Constitution, at Article 141, but its function is defined by the Law on Independent Media Commission. Its seven members are nominated by citizens and chosen by the Parliament. The IMC also receives complaints that can be presented by any individual or organization. Complaints can be filed by phone, fax, e-mail or in person. The Commission can try to settle the complaint without formal sanction; if this is not possible, it can issue a “Notice of Violation” and impose formal sanctions via a legal proceeding.

Media Appeals Board

The Media Appeals Board (MAB) provides citizens with the possibility to appeal decisions taken by the IMC. It has three members (one Kosovo and two international judges) with a three-year mandate and they are appointed by the head of UNMIK, the Special Representative of the Secretary General of the UN. Decisions of the MAB are binding.

Regulatory Authority of Electronic and Postal Communications

The Regulatory Authority of Electronic and Postal Communications (RAEPC) was established with the Law on Telecommunications (Regulation 2003/16). It is an independent regulatory agency and as its website states, it is “responsible for licensing and supervising the providers of telecommunications services in Kosovo; encouraging the private sector participation and competition in the provision of services; setting standards for all service providers in Kosovo, and, establishing provisions for consumer protection”. The agency aims to develop the telecommunication sector of Kosovo and thus it promotes market entry and competition between licensed service providers. The members of its board are appointed by the Parliament. The Authority also resolves disputes, including those related to the issues of joint use of facilities and assets, between entrepreneurs.

Licensing/Authorisation and Monitoring Commission

The Licensing/Authorisation and Monitoring Commission operates under the umbrella of the RAEPC. Its aims to analyze, evaluate and monitor the implementation of license terms.

Ombudsperson Institution

The role of the Ombudsperson Institution is to receive and investigate complaints from every person in Kosovo who claims his/her human rights have been violated by public authorities. The Ombudsperson was created in 2000 and is an independent authority which assists citizens to gain access to the public documents being refused to them by public authorities. This institution was created by law on Access to Public Documents (Article 17). Its duty is to ensure an unobstructed exercise of the right of access to public documents. The Ombudperson Institution staff members must always respect a specific Code of Ethics when carrying on their work.

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