The Agency for Electronic Media of Montenegro was introduced by the Law on Electronic Media. This body replaces the former existing Broadcasting Agency; it functions as an independent regulatory body with full political, financial and institutional independence. The agency is an independent regulatory body with the tasks of adopting the Broadcasting Development Strategy; issuing licenses for the transmission and broadcasting of radio and TV signals; and monitoring compliance to the broadcasting standards. It also plans the allocation of radio frequencies. Members of the Broadcasting Agency are appointed by the Parliament.
The Agency for Electronic Media’s staff capacity has been increased to guarantee a better monitoring capacity (see EU report, p.13, pdf here). The Council of the Agency is composed of five members elected among renowned experts in the fields relevant for its work. According to Article 38, in some specific cases the Parliament can dismiss the Council.
The Journalists’ Self-Regulatory Body (JSB or NST) was founded in 2003 as a public independent body with the main task of monitoring compliance with the journalists’ code of ethics. It is composed of representatives from different journalists’ associations and operates through the Steering Committee and the Council. The NST only has the power to impose moral sanction for a violation of the code; no financial sanctions are provided against a breach of the code. Two sub-committees monitor the work of the electronic media and the press. The NST deals with complaints from the public, as any citizen can file a complaint about non-compliance with the code of ethics. The lack of funding is a concrete problem for the self-regulatory body and it has brought a suspension in the Body’s activities for a period.
The Media Council for Self Regulation (MSS) was established in March 2012. Its main objective is to monitor adherence of the journalist code of ethics and professional standards. The Assembly of the Council is composed of the representatives from 19 print, electronic and internet media organzations. The Council receives and adjudicates complaints from citizens against the media regarding breaches to the code of ethics.
In June 2012 a third self-regulatory body, the Press Council, was created by three print media outlets: Vijesti, Dan and Monitor.Back to top