Owned by the government, the Vietnamese media typify the Communist press system – where the press is perceived as the mouthpiece of the state and the ruling Communist party. However, in the past decades having embraced a market-oriented economy as a result of national economic reforms (doi moi), the media have been transformed into profitable business enterprises, despite being government-owned. This can be attributed to a shift in the media culture of the country - in recent years many journalists became involved in exposing corruption in the police and many other state departments through investigative reporting. The conflict between the old and the new orders is manifested through incidents of warnings or arrests of journalists by the authorities for exposing corruption in the government. Stringent legal restrictions have come down heavily on journalists for reporting malpractices of government offices though critical reports of general society are allowed. The space has not yet expanded to accommodate criticism of government officials, the party and the state or any critical assessment of political systems of multi-party democracy; thus heavy self-censorship is common in the media in such discussions. There have been instances of dismissal of editors and shutting down of the newsrooms when news reports trespassed the boundaries of what is accepted by the government. The daily and weekly newspapers are owned and published by the party’s central committee’s departments, central party and government institutions, ministries and social institutions (central newspapers) and also by the provincial party committees (local newspapers). Magazines and journals are published in English, French and Chinese. Vietnam News is the only English language daily. Central media organisations include Vietnam News Agency (VNA), Vietnam Television (VTV) and Radio Voice of Vietnam (VOV). VTV broadcasts through five free-to-air domestic and international satellite channels. In addition to the VTV and VOV, provincial radio and television stations too broadcast news and other programmes in the country. Access to information through the Internet is fairly easy among the affluent and the privileged of the population – news from BBC Vietnamese, Radio Free Asia (RFA) and Voice of America (VOA) are easily available. However, the Vietnamese government has made attempts to control the Internet by blocking anti-government websites and penalising bloggers.