Abolition of the Army in Costa Rica

Documentary heritage submitted by Costa Rica and recommended for inclusion in the Memory of the World Register in 2017.

© General Directorate of the National Archive of Costa Rica, Photograph of the act of abolition of the army made in the Cuartel Bellavista. Number 92675

In 11 October 1949, Costa Rica abolished the army by decision of the Founding Board of the Second Republic through a decree 249. The Political Constitution of the Republic of Costa Rica of 1949 is a 75 pages document, which is part of the Second Republic Founding Board’s documentary collection. Political Constitution of the Republic of Costa Rica comprises 137 articles in total. In its article 12, it is established that “The Army as permanent institution is outlawed.

Back to top