Iraq

Directory of Open Access Journals lists two Open Access Journals: International Journal of Energy and Environment and Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences.

Researchers from Iraq publish articles in international OA periodicals. For instance, there have been 28 research articles published with BioMed Central – an STM (Science, Technology and Medicine), pioneer in the OA publishing model, and among them most viewed articles published by researchers from Central Organization for Statistics & Information Technology, Ministry of planning, and development cooperation, the Maternity and Child Teaching Hospital, Al-Qadisiya, Sulaimanyah Teaching Hospital, and University of Mosul, Iraq.

Enabling Environment

Many of the countries investing in infrastructure reconstruction and rebuilding Iraq are leaders in ICT. This gives Iraq the opportunity to be with “best-in-class” Global Area Network (GAN) that offers high quality data, voice, and internet at high speeds. Iraq has a history of strong computer science and engineering higher education. Reviving this may prove to be one of their most valuable ICT strength.

According to 2011 data of the (ITU) - International Telecommunication Union, that of a population of 30,399,572, there are approximately 860,400 internet users with an estimated 2.8 percent of the population had access to the Internet but growing with improved broadband capability.

Potential Barriers

The education system in Iraq, prior to 1991, was one of the best in the region; Iraq has a history of strong computer science and engineering higher education. However, following Iraq’s wars and years of international sanctions, the education sector has suffered greatly. The main barriers are: lack of awareness about Open Access among Iraqis academia, and librarians, no intuitional/ national policy of Open Access and weak ICT facilities and applications.

 

 

(Modified on December 2013)

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