Libya

Directory of OA journals (DOAJ) indexes two open Access Journal: Open Veterinary Journal published by National Authority for Scientific Research & Alfateh University and Libyan Journal of Medicine by Co-Action Publishing, which is also hosted by African Journals OnLine (AJOL) - the world's largest peer-reviewed, African-published scholarly journals to enable the African researchers to access the work of other African academics and to make the African-origin research output available to Africans and to the rest of the world.

Researchers from Libya publish articles in international Open Access journals, for example from 4 research articles have been published with BioMed Central – an STM (Science, Technology and Medicine) publisher which has pioneered the Open Access publishing model – and among them are highly accessed (most viewed) articles authors from: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences - Gomail, University of Aljabal Algharbil, Zawia, and Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, and Al Fateh University.

Enabling Environment

The establishment of the first Libyan University was in 1955, between 1962 and 1967, several faculties successively opened in the cities of Benghazi and Tripoli. According to General People’s Committee of Education and Scientific Research (GPCE&SR) in Libya (2009-2010), there are seven research and development centers namely: Alfateh University, Garyounis University, Sebha University, Omar AL-Mukhtar University, Musrata University, Sert University, AL-Jabal AL-Garbi University, Nasser University, Asmarya University, and Open University. Also, there are three universities of special nature, and 15 "departmental universities". Higher Education is completely financed by GPCE&SR, except for private universities. Research is now fully supported and financed by the government

Libyan scientists affirm the centrality of scientific communication to successful science, but that the nature of communication is influenced by national and other cultures. They also both access and publish in e-journals and in Open Access sources but are aware of a range of barriers to scientific communication in the digital age.

In Libya, a single government-owned service provider offered Internet access. The number of Internet users was small but growing with improved broadband capability. According to 2010 data of ITU (The International Telecommunication Union), there were approximately 353,900 internet users with an estimated 5.5 percent of the population had access to the Internet but growing with improved broadband capability.

Potential Barriers

The awareness of Open Access within the research community is still low, no national policy for Open Access poor ICT infrastructure- Libya still lags behind in terms of usage of ICT tools, infrastructure and access, and the process of implementing the national ICT policy in particular and development projects in different domains in general are still at an early stage.

Projects and Initiatives

Libya have adopted distance learning/ e-learning programs through launching the Open University of Libya based in Tripoli, Libya in 1987, it has branches in many cities in Libya and offers distance education courses. Curricula and teaching programmes have been delivered via printed and audiovisual materials.

On 11 March 2007, Al-Quds Open University (QOU) and the Open University of Libya signed a cooperation agreement on academic, cultural and technical cooperation in the development of academic programs and curricula, in addition to exchanging textbooks, research and multimedia learning materials.

Different government agencies and the local and foreign private sector are collaborating to achieve socio-economic development through the implementation of the national ICT policy. UNDP and UNESCO work hand in hand with government agencies to ensure proper and timely implementation of the ICT such as: In July 2007 an agreement between UNESCO and the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya was signed, the project activities include the establishment of Local Area Networks (LANs) within all 149 faculties belonging to various university campuses and institutes, and of a Wide Area Network (WAN) forming the Libyan Higher Education and Research Network (LHERN). It also foresees the creation of digital libraries/portals of educational resources; the development of ICT enhanced learning solutions (e.g., e-learning, tele-education, telemedicine). An important component of the project is the training of faculty (digital literacy, basic ICT skills, advanced teacher training on using ICTs in teaching and courseware development) and staff (system administrators, media centre specialists, etc. Partners/donors: UNESCO and the government.

 

(Modified on December 2013)

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