Directory of OA Journals lists nine Open Access journals: International Journal of Information Systems and Telecommunication Engineering, International Journal of Signal and Image Processing, International Journal of Systems Control, International Journal of Universal Computer Sciences, Journal of Advanced Research in Mechanical Engineering, Journal of Electrical Engineering : Theory and Application, Journal of Modelling and Simulation of Systems, Journal of Studies on Manufacturing published by HyperSciences Publisher and Journal Tunisien d’ORL et de Chirurgie Cervico-Faciale: published by Tunis: Top set.

African Journals OnLine (AJOL) has the world's largest peer-reviewed African-published scholarly journals to enable the African researchers to access the work of other African academics and to make the African-origin research output available to Africans and to the rest of the world- is a host to Open Access journals: Journal Tunisien d'ORL et de chirurgie cervico-faciale and International Journal of Modern Anthropology

Tunisian researchers publish articles in international OA periodicals. For instance, in 2013, there have been 131 research articles published with BioMed Central – an STM (Science, Technology and Medicine), pioneer in the OA publishing model, and among them most viewed articles published by researchers from Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Habib Bourguiba, Fattouma Bourguiba University Hospital, National Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology (INNTA), Faculty of Pharmacy of Monastir, University of Monastir, Higher Institute of Biotechnology of Monastir, University, CHU Farhat Hached of Sousse, Centre de Biotechnologie de Sfax, Higher Institute of Management, University of Tunis, Institut Pasteur de Tunis, Faculty of Sciences of Tunis, University El Manar I, WHO Collaborating Center for Research and Training in Leishmaniasis, and Ibn Zohr Institute

Currently Tunisia has only one repository UVT e-doc at Université Virtuelle de Tunis (UVT), powered by EPrints 3. It provides access to multidisciplinary research output of 144 items (2011-08-20) comprised of (Articles; Conferences; Theses; Multimedia) of the institution- Users may set up RSS and Atom feeds to be alerted to new content. The interface is available in French.

Enabling Environment

With a population of 10,629,186 million, Internet users grew from 100,000 in 2000 to 3,600,000 in 2011 with 33.9% penetration rate population.

In his study B. HAMMOUTI, he showed that the total scientific production of Tunisia is higher than that of both Morocco and Algeria, even though the population in Tunisia is only one third of that of Morocco and Algeria due to it advancing educational system.

Potential Barriers

Lack of Open Access awareness- Tunisian researchers are still attached to the traditional model, they start however to become aware of the stakes of the free access for the Arab research development and knowledge share. In addition, there is no national policy for Open Access.

Major Projects/Initiatives

The Tunisian National Library is making digitized books in French and Arabic available to download to mobile devices as part of the eBooks Project in Tunisia.

The Maghreb Virtual Science Library portal in Tunisia will serve as the central resource for accessing the wide range of resources available through the Centre National Universitaire de Documentation Scientifique et Technique (CNUDST). The portal will integrate access to Open Access Journals and the content of Open Access repositories from research institutions and universities across the globe.

Details of Key Organizations

Centre National Universitaire de Documentation Scientifique et Technique (CNUDST). It provides information and documentation for technical and scientific researchers, and disseminates the production and the results of scientific research and technological development undertaken in Tunisia. It also hosts the virtual library of research.

Communication address: 1, avenue de France 1, avenue de France, Tunisia Postal address: B.P. 85 - 1002 Tunis Belvedere, TUNISIE, Tel.: (+216) 71336708/ (+216) 71335751/ (+216) 71338057, Fax: (+216) 71354216.

Virtual University of Tunis.

Communication address: 14 rue Yahia Ibn Omar 1082 Mutuelleville, Tunisia, Tel.: (+216)71289981/ (+216) 71891731, Fax: (+216) 71892625

Past and Future OA Related Activities

10, April, 2015: "Study Day on Open Access JELA 2015" held at Ibn-Khaldun amphitheater at the Tunis Science City. JELA 2015 is the 3rd edition of the study on open access days. This edition was oriented to a specific audience whose common denominator is the production of scientific publishing in particular article. The 2015 edition was dedicated to the Golden Path of free access to explain and clarify more, to the Tunisian scientific community, this new publishing model.
This event was co-organized by the University National Center of Scientific and Technical Documentation (CNUDST) and the research group on "free access to STI" of the Higher Institute of Documentation.

27-28 November, 2014: "ICOA2014 International Conference "Open Access and Scientific Research: Towards New Values" held in Tunis, Tunisia.

14-15 May, 2012:  GrandIR took part in the 'Atélier sur les archives ouvertes' organized in Monastir, Tunisia, by EIFL for promotion and dissemination of Open Access and Open Archives in the Maghreb countries. This workshop was held in the framework of the European Tempus ISTeMag Project for improving access to Scientific and Technical Information in the Maghreb universities. Led by the Université Libre de Bruxelles, this project features twelve universities and research centres in Tunisie, Algeria and Morocco among its partners. As a consequence, the Open Archives workshop in Monastir was well attended by over 30 Maghrebi librarians, developers, research officers, project coordinators and policymakers from all three countries.

The Tunis Agenda for the Information Society was a consensus statement of the World Summit on the Information Society, adopted on November 18, 2005 in Tunisia. It called for the creation of the Internet Governance Forum and a novel, lightweight, multi-stakeholder governance structure for the Internet. Also, MIT OpenCourseWare co-hosted a half-day event at the Summit with the United Nations University entitled "Widening Access to Knowledge through Open Sharing: The Growing OpenCourseWare Movement."

List of Publications

Hammouti, B., Mater, J.  (2010). "Comparative bibliometric study of the scientific production in Maghreb countries (Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia) in 1996-2009 using Scopus." Environ. Sci. No.2 70-77.

Bouazza, Abelmajid Saleh and Waheed Qaddora. "Researchers' Trends at Sultan Qaboos University and the University of Tunis Towards the available Online Periodicals through Open Access System and some of the Benefits expected for the University Libraries: a Comparative Study". Information and Knowledge Management in the Community of Arab Gulf Conference, Bahrain: Special Libraries Association (SLA) in the countries of Arab Gulf, 2007, page 34.(in Arabic).

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