China

China

Open access movement is gaining momentum in China.  Awareness combined with exponential academic output leads to open access facilitation. National Science Library of Chinese Academy of Sciences is one of the early adapters of open access movement in China. In 2002 China established a new national science plan to promote the implementation of a national strategy in education and science and enhance the innovative ability of science and technology of the country. The aim of this strategy is to enhance open access to digital scientific resources as well as infrastructure. Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), and National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), signed the Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities at the celebrations of the 30-year cooperation between CAS and Max Planck Society on May 24, 2005 in Beijing for international co-operation. According to ROAR, there 13 institutional repositories exist on mainland China. The policies and initiatives have been proactive in China for open data preservation and content development. To affirm open access compliance, in October, 2010 China organized Berlin 8 Open Access Conference held for the first time outside Europe. Chinese Academy of Sciences is a collaborator of the International Confederation of Open Access Repositories (COAR) was launched in Ghent in October 2009, during Open Access Week.

Enabling Environment

Chinese academia and scientists are provided channels to suggest policy changes as required. Several proposals are being considered by the central government to formulate new policies for scientific advancement. Among the five major elements in the transformation towards a new strategy are scientific databases, information in the form of journals and other publications. In 2010, Shanghai developed education informatization plan during 2010-2015. The plan proposed the integration of various learning website, learning platforms and learning resources to provide online learning, the intelligent searching, individual learning service, lifelong learning profiles. By 2015, a lifelong education resource library will be established in Shanghai with a huge store of data. The plan also includes e‐schoolbag project, innovation laboratory construction project, comprehensive portal to enhance vocational education project and lifelong learning service platform project. Rapid progress in IT adaptation in China and active fillip to ICT implementations is certainly a major enabler.

Potential Barriers

Although OA has gained popularity in the library profession, it is a relatively new concept among scholarly communities. If OA is mainly operated by voluntary contributors, sustainability is a big concern. Financial resources and the government investment with respect to OA are limited. Content creation in English is a challenge. Information exchange standards need to be focused upon to create platforms for interoperability.

Funding Mandate

The Ministry of Science and Technology (ST) of China has planned and executed a development strategy for high-quality ST journals in order to advance the international competitive capacity of China's journals, build a high performance platform for publication and information exchange for ST journals. The ministry is playing a role in invigorating China through science, education and scientific innovation through funding and strategy support. Ministry started the Strategy for China's High-Quality ST Journals at the beginning of 2005. It also launched one national high-quality ST infrastructure project for ST Library & Information System in 2006.

Regulation of college library (amendments) (the Ministry of Education [2002]3) explicitly required that one of the main task of college library is the education of Media and Information Literacy, to help the user improve their information awareness and the ability to acquire and utilize the information resources.

State informatization Development Strategy (2006-2020) is in place with a goal to provide information infrastructure nationwide; enhancing the capability of applying the information technology among the public. Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (ISTIC) with funding from UNESCO’s Information for All Programme (IFAP) conducted research on information literacy in China.

National Eleventh Five‐Year Plan includes mandates for creation of digital content and providing access to it within the National Digital Hybrid Publish Project supporting standards, common technology, resource management, multi‐channel publishing, digital publishing technology, public service technology, a variety of devices and forms of content access technology.

List of Publications

Past and Future OA related Activities

  • Inter Academy Panel Program on Promoting Access to and Use of Digital Knowledge Resources and Infrastructure: Focus on Countries with Developing and Transitional Economies, April 28-30, 2008, Shanghai, China
  • Open and Free: New Enterprise in The Information Age, January 10, 2007, Taipei, China
  • International Conference on Policies and Strategies for Open Access to Scientific Information ,June 22-24, 2005,Beijing, China
  • International Conference of Asian Digital Libraries. (ICADL). Taipei 1999 and Shangai 2004
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