Russian Federation

One of the main steps towards open access movement in the Russian Federation is the Belgorod Declaration. The main goals of this declaration include stimulation of development of the open access to scientific knowledge and cultural heritage that has been accumulated and constantly generated by the universities of the CIS (Common Wealth of Independent States) countries. At present 35 open access repositories are functional in Russia.

Major players in Russian OA movement are Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences, Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, Vologda Scientific-Coordination Center. Growth of open access content in Russia is also on the rise. According DOAJ statistics the number of open access publications in Russian Federation is increasing every year. Creative Commons Russia is making concerted efforts for licensing which will positively influence the socioeconomic and innovative development of the country, stimulating growth of open content as well as broadening public access to it.

Enabling Environment

Networks of information sharing in higher education and research institutes present a conducive environment. Also a vast library network was a legacy left behind by the 'Union'. There is substantial open content in the form of governmental information, legal information, library databases, media reports and some academic and scientific OA articles. The open access movement has been receiving a substantial governmental support (Genieva, 2009). A collaborative program sealed by the Soros - Chernomyrdin agreement for IT infrastructure has advanced the OA movement in the country starting with 33 regional university centers and parity financial support from the Open Society Institute and the government represented by the Ministry of Science, Ministry of Culture, Ministry of Education and regional authorities.

The Russian Society of BioPsychiatry (RSBP) has issued a statement in support of Open Access and there is a Russian Federation presence on the Open Access Forum.

There are 3 OA mandates at Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences , Vologda Scientific-Coordination Center, Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences and Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics, Russian Academy of Sciences.

Potential Barriers

Internet connectivity is still out of reach for mainstream people; with only 3% of adult population having access (Genieva, 2009). Several federal and regional programs have been developed to render informational support to different domains as well as a program of electronic libraries construction. Most of them concentrate more on strategies rather than on the financing issues. The real resources allocated to these programs are far behind the demands. Language is another barrier. Even though quite a rich content has been accumulated in Russia, it is poorly known internationally. It is practically unavailable in other countries, which contradicts the idea of international access to information.

Funding Mandate

Ministry of Science, Ministry of Culture, Ministry of Education and regional authorities of the Russian Government lent support to mega library and library network projects. It is mandated that theses and dissertations must be deposited in universities' repositories and support is provided to establish a central database and access to all PhD theses.

List of Publications

  • Negulyaev, Evgeny (2010). Open Access Movement in Russia, Paper presented in Berlin 8 Open Access Conferecen, Beijing, China, October 25, 2010.
  • Velichkovsky, Boris B. (2009). Open access publishing a challenge for Russian psychology Psychology, Science Quarterly, 51, (Supplement 1), 147-159.
  • Genieva, Ekaterina. (2000). Access to Information and Public Domain in the Post - Perestroyka. Russia: A Paradoxal Experience.

Past and Future OA related Activities


(Modified on December 2013)

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