Hungary has an active research environment supported by government and Hungarian Scientific Research Fund (OKTA). Research takes place through the Hungarian Academy of Sciences which maintains 48 research institutions and also the 71 higher education institutions in the country. There is an OA organisation, HUNOR, and 10 repositories in institutions of higher education and science. DOAJ indexes 20 journals from Hungary.

Enabling Environment:

Awareness of OA; HUNOR programme of OA promotion; funding mandate by Hungarian Scientific Research Fund (OKTA); Corvinus University, Hungarian Academicy of Sciences and University of Debrecen is a member of  Confederation of Open Access Repositories (COAR).

Potential Barriers:

Lack of national OA strategy; lack of clarity on copyright/digital rights issues; researchers’ time involved in depositing (Source: OpenAIRE).

Major Projects/Initiatives:

HUNOR (Hungarian Open Repositories) consortium was formed by the higher education institutions and the Library of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences to promote OA and offer information on methodology, standards and communication channels.

National and Institutional Level Policies/Mandates:

The Open Access policy of the Hungarian Scientific Research Fund calls for Open Access to the research it funds either through direct publication in Open Access journals or through self-archiving in appropriate subject or institutional repositories, including that of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

Funding Mandate

Hungarian Scientific Research Fund (OTKA), the country’s major scientific research funder requires all funded researchers to deposit in an OA repository or publish in an OA journal.

There is also a Thesis mandate vide Government Decree no 33 (7 March 2007) on Doctoral dissertations. 

Details of Key Organizations:

Hungarian Open Repositories (HUNOR)
Overview: Hungarian Open Repositories (HUNOR) is a consortium of libraries in higher education and research to promote OA.

Communication address: HUNOR c/o University of Debrecen and National Library, H-4032 Debrecen, Egyetem  tés 1, Hungary.

Thematic Open Access projects/Initiatives

Corvinus University of Budapest (CUB) Institute of Business Economics and Central European University (CEU) Business School both have institutional repositories and archives that follow the specialist nature of the institutes.

Past and Future OA Related Activities:

HUNOR was formed to advocate OA issues in Hungary.

Plans for the future include a methodology centre; adoption of international; the establishment of complementary scientific communication channels, and international relations (OpenAIRE).

List of Publications

Bálint, A, Ágnes and Karácsony, G (2008) HUNOR: HUNgarian Open Repositories Poster.

Burke, M.E (2011) Knowledge sharing in emerging economies Library Review 2 Vol 60, 1: 5-14.

Koltay, T and Boda, I (2008) Digital library issues in Hungarian LIS curricula: Examples from three library schools, Library Review, Vol. 57 (6):.430 – 441. doi: 10.1108/00242530810886706


(Modified on December 2013)

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