Italy has 65 depositories, most of which are institutional and 180+ journals indexed in DOAJ. Research is carried out in universities and research institutions and is mostly funded by the Ministry of Education, Universities and Research.
There is a strong information infrastructure in Italy; 34 institutions have a mandate for PhD theses deposition, while 2 have institutional mandates (LUISS, Italian National Health Institute - ISS).
ISS has a policy that states that: ‘All scientific works produced by ISS staff must be transmitted in electronic format (author’s final copy, after peer-review: “post-print”) to the Publishing Activities Unit of ISS, at the moment of acceptance for publication and is immediately available on the ISS Intranet. The metadata is also be made available on the Internet, via DSpace ISS and, after the publisher embargo period has expired, the full texts will be made available.
Conference of Italian Universities Rectors (CRUI) established a Working Group on OA that has produced recommendations and guidelines on OA for research, repositories, research assessment, institutional repositories, and publications during the period 2007-2009. 71 universities and 2 research institutions are signatories of the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities.
Portal for the Italian Electronic Literature in Open and Institutional Archives (PLEIADI) provides information and promotes awareness of OA in the scholarly community from its website.
National and Institutional Level Policies/Mandates:
Telethon (Italian not-for-profit institution promoting research in muscular dystrophy and other genetic disorders): On July 22nd 2010 Telethon introduced its Open Access Policy. This applies to research papers resulting from new awards, as well as to existing grants. Telethon considers supporting unrestricted access to the published output of research a fundamental part of its mission. To this end, Telethon has joined the UK PubMed Central (UKPMC), a free-to-access digital archive of peer-reviewed biomedical and life sciences research. The full policy is available online.
Details of Key Organizations:
CRUI working group on Open Access
Overview: Established in order to coordinate and promote activities on Open Access at a national and institutional level. Its main activities are related to drafting some guidelines related to recommendations for OA repositories and journals implementation, and for the deposition of PhD theses into OA repositories. It promotes the inclusion of an OA related clause in the current university bylaws. Communication address: e-mail: segreteriacrui(at)crui.it
Portal for the Italian Electronic Literature in Open and Institutional Archives (PLEIADI)
Overview: PLEIADI is a portal for Italian scholarly e-literature in open archives and institutional repositories) originated from the collaboration between two major Italian university consortia, CASPUR and CILEA, within the framework of the AEPIC project. The website offers information on OA, a platform for discussion and information exchange through an OA-wiki-Italia and coordination of the OA-Italia mailing list. Communication address: e-mail: pleiadi(at)openarchives.it
Thematic Open Access projects/Initiatives
The ISS coordinates (2009-2012) the EU-funded project NECOBELAC, related to the field of public health. It aims to: improve scientific writing; promote open access publication models; and foster technical and scientific cooperation between Europe & Latin American Caribbean (LAC) countries.
Past and Future OA Related Activities:
Italy participated in SCOAP3 Working Group (2007), EUA OA Working group (2008), SELL OA Working Group (2010) and the PEER WP3 project on OA sustainability. It is participating in OpenAIRE and NECOBELAC, and it will take part in two EU-funded projects on OA, OpenAIREplus and MEDOANET.
Universities in Italy promote awareness of OA and the sharing of best OA practice through conferences and seminars during the Open Access week.
Regarding PLEIADI, the future plans are related to the revision of architecture and new interface deployment; the new harvester (that will not be limited to full text data provider as the present one), is going to be released during the Open Access week 2011.
Future collaboration with DART Europe to provide metadata for Italian doctoral theses (at present, 10 Italian universities are contributing to DART).
List of Publications
Cassella, M & Gargiulo P (2009) Open Access in Italy, 2009. (Unpublished) [Report].
Comba, V (2005) Italian Universities for Open Access: Towards Open Access for Scholarly Literature: Report of the Messina Workshop, Library Hi Tech News, Vol. 22 (1): 16 -17. DOI: 10.1108/07419050510588232
Delle Donne, R. (2007) CRUI and Open Access in Italy, 2007. In Corriere della Sera. In Berlin 5 Open Access: From practice to impact : Consequences of Knowledge dissemination,Padova (Italy),19-21 September. (Unpublished) [Presentation].
De Castro, P and Poltronieri, E (2008), Taking the first steps towards institutional open access Research Information: June / July 2008.
Gargiulo P and Fava, I (2011) Implementing OpenAire in Italy: challenges and lessons learned. Presentation at Eurocris Meeting, Bologna 26-27 May 2011.
Gargiulo, P et al. (2005) PLEIADI: a portal solution for scholarly literature. In: ELPUB Proceedings, Leuven-Heverlee, Belgium, 8-10 June, 2005.
Galimberti, P and Vignocchi, M (2007) Time for a change: the Italian CRUI-Open Access Working Group’s action for a national etheses provision service. Unpublished paper.
Poltronieri, E et.al (2010) Science, institutional archives and open access: an overview and a pilot survey on the Italian cancer research institutions
Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research 2010, 29:168
SCOAP Working Party (2007) Towards Open Access Publishing in High Energy Physics Report of the SCOAP3 Working Party. CERN: Geneva.