Netherlands has a strong OA awareness and an active promotion of open access through institutional mandates, establishment of OA repositories, OA publishing agreements. SURFfoundation, a Dutch programme for information and communication technology innovation focuses on Open Access and it is the Dutch partner in Knowledge Exchange along with DFG (Germany), DEFF (Denmark) and JISC (UK). Higher education institutions committed 2009 as “Open Access Year” and held an Open Access week in 2010, coordinated through SURF. The HE sector has recently invested over 2.5m Euros to support OA publishing.
There are 50+ OA institutional repositories in Netherlands and DOAJ indexes 40+ Dutch journals.
All Dutch universities, the Netherlands Association of Universities of Applied Sciences (HBO-raad), Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), the Royal Library, Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) and SURF have all signed the Berlin Declaration.
There is a national OA website to provide information and promote OA.
Lack of national mandates; possible misunderstanding on issues of copyright and intellectual property; not all universities have OA budgets.
SURFfoundation is central to OA projects in Netherlands through development of enabling infrastructure. The major OA projects at VSNU, NWO and KNAW are detailed under ‘Key organisations’.
Dare.net harvests metadata from academic institutions making it available.
National and Institutional Level Policies/Mandates:
There are no identifiable national OA policies but there is acceptance of OA throughout research institutions which is further developed by the NWO’s Incentive Fund for OA publishing in the humanities, VSNU’s collaboration with Springer for OA publishing and national OA website.
Although Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW) and Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO), the two major research funders (along with the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture) have signed the Berlin Declaration, neither have OA mandates.
Details of Key Organizations:
Overview: Collaborative organisation to promote effective and innovative use of technology in universities, research institutes and organisations.
Projects: SURFshare: aims to develop an infrastructure that will facilitate access to research information and make it possible for researchers to share scientific and scholarly information using latest ICT technology.
Communication address: SURFfoundation, Hojel City Center, building D (5th floor), Graadt van Roggenweg 340, 3531 AH UTRECHT, Netherlands; e info(at)surf.nl
Association of Universities in the Netherlands (VSNU)
Overview: Represents and promotes staff and activities in 14 research Universities: Delft University of Technology (TUD); Eindhoven University of Technology (TUe); University of Twente (UT); Wageningen University; Erasmus University Rotterdam; Leiden University; Maastricht University; Radboud University Nijmegen; Tilburg University; University of Amsterdam; University of Groningen; Utrecht University; VU University Amsterdam; Open Universiteit in the Netherlands.
Projects: OA Publishing agreement with Springer to make available articles by Dutch researchers in Springer journals will be made available Open Access, with author's approval.
Communication address: Vereniging van universiteiten, Lange Houtstraat 2, Postbus 13739, 2501 ES Den Haag, Netherlands; e-mail: post(at)vsnu.nl
Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO)
Overview: NWO is the main funder of scientific research at universities and institutes through subsidies and research programmes. Participates in European association of the heads of research funding organisations and research performing organisations (EUROHORCs) and the European Science Foundation (ESF) as well as in their combined Roadmap. NWO has adopted the Gold OA programme for its funded research and where this is not possible, supports the Green OA programme. NWO has further mandated OA publishing through an “Incentive Fund Open Access” that assists organisations in making humanities research available through OA.
Projects: NWO made 2, 5 million Euros available in 2010 for the support of OA which includes conversion of existing humanities journals to OA format.
Project web links: NWO and Open Access ; Incentive Fund Open Access - Journals in the Humanities
Communication address: P.O Box 93138 - NL2509 AC Den Haag, Netherlands; email: nwo(at)nwo.nl
Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW)
Overview: KNAW coordinates the work of 18 research institutes throughout the country in the humanities, social sciences, the life sciences and science and government policy. It serves as an advisory body to the Ditch government, KNAW does not have an OA mandate.
Projects: KNAW is involved in a number of projects aimed at facilitating access to research output. Two main initiatives are National Academic Research and Collaborations Information System (NARCIS): the national portal for those who are in search of information about researchers and their work and Data Archiving and Networked Services (DANS) to provide access to datasets by developing data infrastructures in organisations.
Communication address: P.O. Box 19121, NL-1000 GC Amsterdam, Netherlands; e-mail: knaw(at)bureau.knaw.nl
National Library of the Netherlands (KB)
Overview: KB is the national library of the Netherlands aiming to provide permanent access to everything published in and about the Netherlands.
Projects: There are a number of thematic project collections but no specific OA projects.
Communication address: Koninklijke Bibliotheek, P.O. Box 90407, 2509 LK Den Haag, Netherlands
Thematic Open Access projects/Initiatives
The National Library (KB) has a number of ongoing thematic projects in diverse areas. These include: Databank of Digital Daily newspapers covering key national, regional and colonial newspapers from (17th onwards; Dutch parliamentary papers; Early European Books; The Memory of the Netherlands: a digital collection of Dutch illustrations, photographs, texts, film and audio recordings.
Past and Future OA Related Activities:
Open Access Week activities take place annually at HE institutions in Netherlands. Support for the promotion of open access is provided by SURF, the collaborative organisation for research universities, research institutes and universities of applied sciences in the Netherlands. All information on open access in the Netherlands can be found at: http://www.openaccess.nl
Past events have included:
- In 2009 “Open Access Doctors on Call” at Leiden University where library staff were available to help researchers upload publications to the university’s repository. As a result, more than 300 new scientific and scholarly publications were uploaded’.
- Open Access T-shirts were also distributed at Eindhoven University of Technology and Tilberg University.
- In 2010, activities included OA slogans printed on plastic cups in all the coffee dispensers at Eindhoven University of Technology and a symposium on “How to write a world-class paper” at Wageningen University and Research Centre (WUR).
In 2011 24-28 October Open & Research seminar will focus on Open Access and research to be followed by a second week (31 October to 4 November), it will be focussing on education and Open Educational Resources.
In the first week, institutions will organise local activities on the theme of “open” and research. After these events, the Weblectures, webinars, reports, photos, presentations etc. of the activities will be uploaded to the openaccess.nl website.
List of Publications
Harnad, S (2010) On not putting the Gold OA-Payment Cart Before The Green OA-Provision Horse.
Houghton, J (2009) Open Access – What are the economic benefits?
Waaijers, L. The DARE Chronicle: Open Access to Research Results and Teaching Material in the Netherlands Ariadne Issue 53.