In Poland Open Access is embraced and implemented almost independently by three different groups: librarians, researchers and government agencies. Even without coordination, systematic work of OA advocates results in steadily growing number of OA journals (138 indexed by DOAJ so far) and repositories (77 in ROAR). Additionally, the general public also shows its support for the concept - the petition for Open Mandate initiated at the beginning of 2012 signed over 10000 people, of which substantial amount did not claim academic affiliation.
EIFL work with Poznan Foundation of Scientific Libraries a consortium of 12 members consisting of;
- Poznań Libraries;
- Poznan University of Technology;
- Adam Mickiewicz University;
- University of Economics;
- University of Medical Sciences;
- Academy of Agriculture;
- The Raczynski Library;
- Poznan Society of Friends of Science and Arts;
- Academy of Physical Education;
- Academy of Music;
- Academy of Fine Arts;
- Polish Academy of Sciences.
Three organisations have signed the Berlin Declaration: Collegium Artium; University of Warsaw; Wikimedia Polska.
OA advocacy is conducted by ICM University of Warsaw, EBIB Society, Coalition for Open Education, Creative Commons Poland, Digital Centre, Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics PAS and many other independent researchers and librarians. Government repeatedly surveys the academics for the possibility of introducing OA mandate for scholarly articles or theses.
In 2010 Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics Polish Academy of Science introduced OA mandate as a first institution in Poland. Polish Academy of Science could not introduce such mandate on behalf of all institutes, but nevertheless shortly after IBB's mandate, PAS moved its journals to an Open Access platform.
OA fees are covered for authors depositing research from Polish institutions following an agreement between ICM University of Warsaw, acting on behalf of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, and Springer in May 2010. All faculty and students affiliated with an academic, educational or scientific research institute in Poland are now encouraged to make use of Springer’s Open Choice option.
ICM University of Warsaw also coordinates an initiative of building software layer of the national repository of scholarly works (project SYNAT). ICM UW already launched Centre for Open Science, the repository of OA scholarly works. Independently, the Federation of Digital Libraries of Poznan Supercomputing Centre created a federated repository of all open resources available at Polish libraries and academic institutions. Currently it holds over 1 million records.
Creative Commons Poland has been active since 2005 and is a key player. In 2009 it prepared "The Guide to Open Science" which was mostly focused on OA.
Details of Key Organizations:
Ministry of Science and Higher Education has yhe responsibility for research funding, developing and implementing research policy. The Ministry also assesses research institutions and research projects.
Communication address: Ministry of Science and Higher Education, 20 Hoża Street, 1/3 Wspólna Street,00-529 Warsaw 53, Poland.
National Centre for Research and Development (NCBiR) is a government funded agency with the responsibility for managing and implementing scientific research programmes. This includes commercialisation and practical implementation of research outputs and development programmes for scientists.
Communication address: National Centre for Research and Development, Nowogrodzka Str. 47a, 00-695 Warsaw, Poland; e-mail: sekretariat(at)ncbir.gov.pl
National Science Centre (NCN): Is a government funded agency similar to NCBiR, but focused on basic science. In case of introducing a national OA mandate, NCN will be responsible for introducing the policy in their grant calls.
Communication address: National Science Centre, ul. Królewska 57, 30-081 Cracow, Poland, email: biuro(at)ncn.gov.pl
Past and Future OA Related Activities:
Plans include: Creating a model of the first Polish OA repository; Promoting OA in scientific societies (through press, seminars, portal); Participating in European initiatives and conferences.
List of Publications
- ICM UW (2011) Implementation and promotion of OA. Report commissioned by Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education.
- Bednarek-Michalska,B (2007) Open access in Poland. Torun, Poland.
Krynicka, M (2010) Open access to national bibliography: Polish approach. Paper presented at IFLA General Conference and Assembly, 10-15 August 2010, Gothenburg, Sweden.
- Park, J (2009) Open Education and Open Science in Poland, May 14, 2009. Notes on Open Science in Poland, Warsaw.
- Swan, A. (2010) Open Access - What's in it for Poland? In: Second International Conference on Open Access in Poland, 14-15 January 2010, Torun, Poland.
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