Switzerland’s universities now almost universally have access to either their own repository or a shared repository such as RERO DOC (for the universities of French- and Italian-speaking Switzerland). An exception is the University of Bern which has until now not started their own repository. Basel and Luzern are still in the process of building an IR. The OpenAIRE/CERN repository contains documents produced by European founded projects, for which an institutional digital repository is not available at the corresponding institution.
The Universities of Geneva, St Gallen and Züerich and ETH Zürich all have OA mandates. In other universities, deposit is encouraged.
Both SSNF and SAGW, large research funders, have OA requirements. There are a further 15 electronic repositories listed in OpenAIRE and DOAJ indexes 100+ Swiss OA journals.
A strongly OA aware academic and funding community; participation in European projects like OpenAIRE.
Apart from the research funders, there is no national approach or strategy to deal with Open Access. It is not a major topic in research politics nor policy and there is no additional funding available to enable the build-up of digital infrastructures (which the major research funders have decided to be the responsibility of universities and research institutions). Consequently, the level of OA implementation varies greatly from one institution to another.
National and Institutional Level Policies/Mandates:
SNSF the major research funder in Switzerland has an OA mandate, requiring deposit of research and or publication in OA journals; SAGW (research funder for Social Sciences and Humanities) encourages OA deposit of research.
The Conference of Swiss University rectors (CRUS) has also (as the above) signed the Berlin declaration.
Schweizerische Akademie der Geistes- und Sozialwissenschaften (SAGW)
Encourages research to be deposited in OA repository at the earliest opportunity; no OA publication requirement; OA publishing subject to publisher embargo.
Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)
Requires research to be deposited in a “recognised scientific data pool” subject to publisher embargo. Researchers can also deposit on their web site if no IR or subject repository is available.
Thematic Open Access projects/Initiatives
The Novartis Repository, OAK Open Archive holds published research output of Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research (NIBR) and Novartis Corporate Research available for open access.
Past and Future OA Related Activities:
2010 and 2011 OA week events were held at the University of Fribourg in partnership with the Fribourg County Library. Other universities such as Zürich have also been active during OA Week.
List of Publications
Accart, J. P. E. (2006). SwissInfoDesk: The virtual reference desk project of the Swiss National Library. New Library World, 107(5/6), 228-237. Doi:10.1108/03074800610665220
Buerli, S and Kleiner, B (2009) Supporting an open access research culture: findings of a national survey of social science researchers. Fors: Lausanne.
Feist, A (2009) Providing access and improving national cooperation: contemporary libraries and librarianship in Switzerland Library Student Journal Vol 4, 2009.
Hilty, R.M. and Seeburg, M (2009) Open Access – Access to scientific publications in Swiss law: expert opinion commissioned by the University of Zurich. University of Zurich: Zurich, Switzerland.
Jauslin, J. F. (1996). The Swiss National Library and its environment. Information Technology and Libraries, 15(2), 113-118.
Pepe, A. (2005) Open Access progress at CERN: technical implementation [OA Progress at CERN, Switzerland], 2005. In Berlin 3 Open Access : Progress in Implementing the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities,University of Southampton (UK), February 28th - March 1st 2005. (Unpublished) [Presentation].
SNSF (2011) Open access strategies and activities at SNSF. EFL: Lausanne [Presentation].