Turkey

There has been an active OA movement in Turkey since 2002 with 11 OA repositories listed in ROAR, 4 of which have been OA compliant since 2005: Hacettepe University, Ankara University, METU and Gazi University. There are 170+ journals indexed in DOAJ. 

Enabling Environment:

ANKOS OAIRWG (ANKOS Open Access and Institutional Repositories Working Group) became active in 2005 and an Open Access Advisory 

Board formed with representatives from ANKOS, TLA, ULAKBIM, and UNAK. Both bodies serve as advocates for Open Access, raising awareness around OA and promoting cooperative initiatives. 

In February 2006 Turkish universities issued a statement advocating open access and the establishment of further institutional repositories. 

Potential Barriers:

No national OA policy or mandate; OA not mandated by major funding bodies e.g. TUBITAK and YOK; possible language barriers in selfarchiving.

Major Projects/Initiatives:

The Congress of Informatics Technologies IV, Academic Informatics 2006 took place on February 9th - 11th at Pamukkale University in Denizli, Turkey. It was a very successful conference with variety of subject matters in separate sessions from e-learning to open access. In the e-library sessions, the ones on open access and institutional repositories were organized around creating an awareness among information professionals about open access and its benefits. At the end of the e-library sessions, the Berlin Declaration was accepted and it was decided that a leading committee on open access and institutional repositories would provide research institutions with necessary information. This committee will be formed with participants from the Turkish Librarians' Associations, Turkish Academic Network and Information Center. After the conference, a press release was distributed covering these decisions and the benefit of open access.

ANKOS OAIRWG plans to promote OA issues through conferences & workshops; create a OA website to provide guidance; create a blog, Acik Erisim Dunyasindan; prepare a brochure on OA: “Acik Erisimle Degisimi Yaratin!”; prepare a guide on establishing institutional repositories.

National and Institutional Level Policies/Mandates:

Turkish Council of Higher Education Thesis Archive

In I987 the Council began to collect all theses at postgraduate level and above which formed the basis of a Thesis Centre and in 2006, the theses were made available online.

The National Thesis Centre plays a key role for science and research circles, through activities such as carrying out bibliographic control of theses (postgraduate and above) in and providing rapid access to information by offering full texts online. The thesis archive includes around 250, 000 items from 131 universities and forms a major research resource in the country.

The National Interuniversity Open Archive system (MITOS)

Twenty (20) large universities are currently interested in this subject and 16 universities are at the stage of acquiring this automation system (a common search interface is available).

Details of Key Organizations:

The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK)
Overview: TÜBİTAK is the leading agency for management, funding and conduct of research in Turkey. It was established in 1963 with a mission to advance science and technology, conduct research and support Turkish researchers. The Council is an autonomous institution and is governed by a Scientific Board whose members are selected from prominent scholars from universities, industry and research institutions.

Communication address: TÜBİTAK Tunus Caddesi No:80 06100 Kavaklıdere / Ankara / Turkey; e-mail: www-adm(at)tubitak.gov.tr

The Anatolian University Libraries Consortium (ANKOS)
Overview: ANKOS is a consortium of 125 members representing all types of libraries in Turkey. An Open Access and the Institutional Repositories Working Group (OAIRWG) was established to raise awareness on Open Access (OA) in institutions and among information professionals in Turkey.

Communication address: ANKOS, Izmir Institute of Technology, ANKOS
Gulbahce Koyu, 35430 Izmir, Turkey; e-mail: baskan(at)ankos.gen.tr

Open Access and Institutional Repositories Working Group (OAIRWG)
Overview: The Board comprises ULAKBIM (Turkish Academic Network and Information Center); TKD (Turkish Library Association); ÜNAK (University and Research Library Association); ANKOS (The Anatolian University Libraries Consortium) and aims to raise OA awareness in the scientific community, develop poilcy and OA strategy in Turkey.

Communication address: OARWG c/o Gideon GÜRDAL, Izmir Institute of Technology, Urla TR-35430 Izmir, Turkey; e-mail: gultekingurdal(at)iyte.edu.tr

Past and Future OA Related Activities:

The Congress of Informatics Technologies IV, Academic Informatic 2006 took place on February 9th - 11th at Pamukkale University in Denizli, Turkey. It was a very successful conference with variety of subject matters in seperate sessions from e-learning to open access. In the e-library sessions, the ones on open access and institutional respositories were organized around creating an awareness among information professionals about open access and its benefits. At the end of the e-library sessions, the Berlin Declaration was accepted and it was decided that a leading committee on open access and institutional respositories would provide research institutions with necessary information. This committee will be formed with participants from the Turkish Librarians' Associations, Turkish Academic Network and Information Center. After the conference, a press release was distributed covering these decisions and the benefit of open access.

ANKOS OAIRWG plans to promote OA issues through conferences & workshops; create a OA website to provide guidance; create a blog, Açık Eri_im Dünyasından; prepare a brochure on OA: “Açık Eri_imle De_i_imi Yaratın!”; prepare a guide on establishing institutional repositories.

List of Publications

Anglada, L and Abadal, E eds.(2010)  Open Access in Southern European countries. FECYT, Madrid.

ANKOS Open Access and Institutional Repositories Study Group (2010) Open Access Report 2010: Turkey

Aydin, C (2007) Open Access activities in Turkey EBIB Open Access Conference 7-8 December 2007, Torun.

Karasözen B, Gürbüz-Holt, I and Coşkun, C (2006) ANKOS
Working Group “Open Acess and Institutional Repositories” Presented at
The Role of the Academic Libraries in the Preservation of Cultural
Heritage: Institutional Repositories, Thessaloniki, May 8-9, 2006

Tonta, Y (2008) Open Access and Institutional Repositories: The Turkish Landscape, 2008. In Turkish Libraries in Transition: New Opportunities and Challenges. Turkish Librarians' Association: 27-47.

Turkfidani, A, Moral, A and Gurdal, G (2010). “Open access in Turkey”. In: Open access in Southern European countries. Lluís Anglada, Ernest Abadal (eds). Madrid: FECYT, p. 117-128.

 

(Modified on December 2013)

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