Ecuador

Ecuador has approved in 2010 a higher education law that requires deposit of graduate and posgraduate theses in the Higher Education National Information System. It is a country that has been very active in recent years in the development of institutional repositories: 25 digital repositories are registered in OpenDOAR, mainly higher education institutional repositories with concentration on theses contents. And a few universities from Ecuador have thesis in Cybertesis. The Consortium of University Libraries from Ecuador (Consorcio de Bibliotecas Universitarias del Ecuador-COBUEC) is a harvester for contents from repositories of universities and other higher education institutions. And FLACSO Andes has developed a harvester oriented to social sciences (Buscador Latinoamericano de Ciencias Sociales) and Flacso Andes with digital contents.

No mandates are currently registered in ROARMAP.

The Ecuatorian Consortium for Advanced Internet Development (Consorcio Ecuatoriano para el Desarrollo de Internet Avanzado / Red Nacional de Investigación y Educación del Ecuador-CEDIA) coordinates the National Network of Repositories (Red de Repositorios), which is the national focal point of RedCLARA (Latin America Cooperation of Advanced Networks) and, together with the National Secretary of Higher Education, Science, Technology and Innovation (Secretaría Nacional de Educación Superior, Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación-SENESCYT), are the focal points of the Latin America Network of Institutional Repositories National Systems (Red Federada Latinoamericana de Repositorios Institucionales de Documentación Científica). Ecuador has also members in CoLaBoRa, the Latin America Community of Digital Libraries and Repositories.

SENESCYT is the national focal point of LATINDEX, that provides links to 6 open access journals from Ecuador. This country has 11 open access journals registered in DOAJ as of June 2015. 1 OA journal (Ingenius) was added to the International OA resources database ROAD in 2014.

Together with other countries of the region, Ecuador participates in open access regional subject repositories with a growing number of full-texts, examples: health (BVS), agriculture (SIDALC), science (PERIÓDICA), education (Relpe), public management and policies (CLAD-SIARE), social sciences (CLACSO, FLACSO, CLASE), work (LABORDOC), marine sciences (Oceandocs), among others.

Four university libraries from Ecuador participate with full-texts in the Bibliotheca Digital Andiana.

Creative Commons promotes the use of open licenses in Ecuador.

On 4 December, 2014, CEDIA (the National Research and Education Network of Ecuador) announced the launch of the Network of Open Access Repositories of Ecuador- RRAAE http://road.issn.org/en. The network will increase the visibility of the scientific research output distributed in different national institutional repositories. In 2014, the network was reported to hold 46,630 valid records of undergraduate theses, dissertations, articles etc. They have been working since 2013 with institutional repositories to promote open access academic-scientific production in Ecuador.

5-8 March 2013: 30 experts and Policy specialists from 25 countries including Belize; Virgin Islands; St Vincent and Grenadines; St Kitts and Nevis and St Martin; Argentina; Brazil; Chile; Costa Rica; Dominican Republic; El Salvador; Guatemala; Ecudaor; Uruguay and Mexico gathered in Kingston to develop strategies and a road map to implement open access policies in the Latin American and Caribbean Region. This was the first regional consultation on open access to scientific information and research organized by the UNESCO Kingston Cluster office in collaboration with Ministry of Ministry of Science, Technology, Energy and Mining, Ministry of Information, Government of Jamaica, University of West Indies and UNESCO National Commission for Jamaica. Workshop participants had the opportunity to contribute towards highlighting priority areas for intervention to achieve “Openness” in the region and individual countries. Participants reviewed the UNESCO OA policy templates and worked out specific policies for their own country/institution.

A recent study (Open Access Indicators and Scholarly Communications in Latin America) shows that, as of 2014, 2.31% of OA journals indexed in Latindex and 0.14% of OA journals indexed in RedALyC are published in Ecuador. This corresponds to a total of 125 and 1 locally published OA journals for the two journal databases, respectively.

Publications:

21 May, 2015: "Has the open data movement reached Ecuador yet?" published on Data Blog on www.schoolofdata.org.

2014: "Open Access Indicators and Scholarly Communications in Latin America" is the result of a joint research and development project supported by UNESCO and undertaken by UNESCO in partnership with the Public Knowledge Project (PKP); the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO); the Network of Scientific Journals of Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and Portugal (RedALyC); Africa Journals Online (AJOL); the Latin America Social Sciences School- Brazil (FLACSO- Brazil); and the Latin American Council of Social Sciences (CLACSO).

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