El Salvador

Together with other countries of the region, El Salvador participates in open access regional subject repositories, today with a growing number of records with open access full-texts, examples: health (BVS), agriculture (SIDALC), education (Relpe and CEDUCAR), public management and policies (CLAD-SIARE), social sciences (CLACSO and FLACSO), work (LABORDOC), information science (E-Lis), among others.

Using OpenDOAR and ROAR, two repositories were identified, with thesis and other publications, mainly from universities.  The Consortium of El Salvador University Libraries (Consorcio de Bibliotecas Universitarias de El Salvador-CBUES) has developed a collaborative Digital Repository of Science and Culture from El Salvador (Repositorio Digital de Ciencia y Cultura de El Salvador-REDICCES) with the participation of 12 digital repositories. It allows open access to the doctoral theses of participating universities as well as heritage collections. REDICCES is member of La Referencia, the Latin American network of national systems of digital repositories, with 9 countries as initial members: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela.

The association of private universities from El Salvador (Asociación de Universidades Privadas de El Salvador -AUPRIDES), in its AUPRIDES Virtual Library provides open access to full-text publications from its member institutions.

No mandates from El Salvador are registered in ROARMAP.

The Advanced Network of Research, Science and Education from El Salvador (Red Avanzada de Investigación, Ciencia y Educación Salvadoreña / RAICES) is a member of RedCLARA that supports COLABORA, Red Federada Repositorios and other regional initiatives that promote the creation and cooperation among institutional repositories.

El Salvador, represented by the Technological University, is now a member of Latindex.

Enlace Académico Centroamericano (Central America Academic Link) is an initiative from FLACSO´s Executive Secretariat in Costa Rica, with support from the Ford Foundation, and participation from Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Guatemala and Panamá. This initiative provides social sciences open access publications, news, resources, events and selected links.

In 2013, the Consortium of El Salvador University Libraries (Consorcio de Bibliotecas Universitarias de El Salvador-CBUES) has organized the first Open Access Week event in El Salvador.  During the week of October 21-25th 2013, a series of activities aimed at promoting open access were organized within member institutions of CBUES and other organizations, See a summary of the activities

Enabling Environment:

In El Salvador, the Open Access strategy is supported by:

•     The central government, through its CIO office (ITIGES  Innovación Tecnológica e Informática del Gobierno de El Salvador)

       The Ministry of Education, through the Vice minister for Science and Technology

       Governmental executive bodies under the LAIP

       CBUES (Consorcio de Bibliotecas Universitarias de El Salvador www.cbues.org.sv), a consortium of the National Library  and 9 university libraries

       RAICES (www.raices.org.sv)

Major Projects/Initiatives:

El Salvador is implementing several OA initiatives:

         Public Information Access Act implementation

         Open Governmental Data (DGA – Datos Gubernamentales Abiertos)

         CBUES, a private not for profit organization, which is following the green path (according to Budapest declaration) to OA

         Repositorio Digital de la Ciencia y Cultura de El Salvador REDICCES (http://www.redicces.org.sv)

         CBUES have prepared forms to release authoring rights to be signed by authors of graduate and post-graduate thesis

 

National and Institutional Level Policies/Mandates:

A recent national law (Ley de Acceso a la Información Pública LAIP – Public Information Access Act) has just been approved by the Congress and this is a special framework for the government.

 

Past and Future OA Related Activities:

Several activities related to the Open Access strategy have been so far implemented:

         Public Information Access Act implementation and affiliated actions.

         Open Governmental Data (DGA – Datos Gubernamentales Abiertos)

         CBUES, a private not-for-profit organization, which is following the green route (according to Budapest declaration) to OA.

         Repositorio Digital de la Ciencia y Cultura de El Salvador REDICCES (http://www.redicces.org.sv)

         CBUES has prepared forms to release authoring rights to be signed by authors of graduate and post-graduate thesis.

Potential barriers:

Despite all the positive efforts undertaken, there are still important factors interfering with the complete implementation of the Open Access Policy in El Salvador, such as.

          The lack of financial and technical resources.

          Slow political support for the full implementation of LAIP.

          Education process still requires additional support.

          Lack of adequate incentive for scientific publications.

 

(Modified on June 2014)

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