Mexico

The National Science and Technology Council (Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología-CONACYT), together with CUDI (Corporación Universitaria para el Desarrollo de Internet-CUDI) and other organizations and universities from México, have developed the National Consortium of Scientific and Technological Information Resources (Consorcio Nacional de Recursos de Información Científica y Tecnológica) that contributes to improve quality and open access to peer-review journals from México.

Mexico has 157 open access journals in DOAJ.

The National Autonomous University of Mexico (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, UNAM) has played a leading role in developing programs to give visibility and open access to journals from Latin America and the Caribbean, with LATINDEX, CLASE, PERIODICA, and now has joined Scielo.  These regional open access initiatives complement UNAM´s own developments to provide visibility and open access to UNAM scientific and academic output, examples: UNAM e-journals OJS portal (with open access to 53 journals), RAD-UNAM (harvesting 6 institutional repositories from UNAM), REPOSITAL (UNAM open education resources), HUMANINDEX (social science and humanities harvester), among other. UNAM-Centro Universitario de Investigaciones Bibliotecológicas(CUIB) has also organized several open access events, recently the 2011 Open Access Colloquium together with IFLA-LAC (Coloquio Acceso Abierto a la Información en las Bibliotecas Académicas de América Latina y el Caribe).

Also a major player in regional open access is the Autonomous University of Mexico State (Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México-UAEM) that has developed Redalyc with the aim of contributing to visibility and accessibility of scientific journals from Iberoamerica.  It includes 169 full-text journals from Mexico. Editors receive indexing services, and bibliometric and scientometric indicators.

In Mexico 201 journals are using OJS open source software and provide open access to the full-text articles.

Example of subject open access journal portals is Artemisa en Línea with 57 full-text health Mexican journals. Also in health, NECOBELAC and the University of Guadalajara, have organized training for open access journal editors and authors, in 2011.

A recent study (Open Access Indicators and Scholarly Communications in Latin America) shows that, as of 2014, 14.92% (807) OA journals indexed in Latindex; 24.50% (171) OA journals indexed in RedALyC and 13.04% (117) OA journals indexed in SciELO are published in Mexico. 

Using OpenDOAR 27 OA digital repositories were identified from universities and other research and teaching institutions, mainly for thesis, journal articles, learning objects, conference papers and multimedia. The Open Network of Digital Libraries (Red Abierta de Bibliotecas Digitales-RABID) has a project of a Mexican network of institutional repositories (Red Federada de Repositorios Institucionales de RABID) to work together with CUDI-Corporación Universitaria para el Desarrollo de Internet and with Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología-CONACYT, which are both the national focal points of RedCLARA in México, and national focal points of the Latin America Network of Institutional Repositories National Systems (Red Federada Latinoamericana de Repositorios Institucionales de Documentación Científica). Mexico has also members in CoLaBoRa, the Latin America Community of Digital Libraries and Repositories.

The University of Colima, with support from the Unesco Caribbean Office, is responsible for the INFOLAC Portal to generate and share knowledge among librarians, documentalists and information managers in the region to contribute to building the Information Society in Latin America and the Caribbean.

The Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (NDLTD) has the University of the Americas (Universidad de las Americas, Puebla) as member from Mexico. And few Mexican universities have thesis in Cybertesis. Other universities deposit their thesis in their institutional repositories, when available.

Together with other countries of the region, Mexico participates in open access subject repositories, today with a growing number of records with full-texts, examples: health (BVS), agriculture (SIDALC), science (PERIÓDICA), education (Relpe), public management and policies (CLAD-SIARE), social sciences (CLACSO, FLACSO, CLASE), marine science (OceanDocs), work (LABORDOC), information science (E-Lis), among others.

Creative Commons in Mexico promotes the use of open access licenses in Mexico.

3 OA mandates are registered in ROARMAP since 2013. This includes the Open Access Legislation in Mexico approved by Congress on 20 May, 2014, which allows free access to scientific and academic works made possible by public funding. This National Policy was established with the facilitation of UNESCO.

5-8 March 2013: 30 experts and Policy specialists from 25 countries including Belize; Virgin Islands; St Vincent and Grenadines; St Kitts and Nevis and St Martin; Argentina; Brazil; Chile; Costa Rica; Dominican Republic; El Salvador; Guatemala; Uruguay and Mexico gathered in Kingston to develop strategies and a road map to implement open access policies in the Latin American and Caribbean Region. This was the first regional consultation on open access to scientific information and research organized by the UNESCO Kingston Cluster office in collaboration with Ministry of Ministry of Science, Technology, Energy and Mining, Ministry of Information, Government of Jamaica, University of West Indies and UNESCO National Commission for Jamaica. Workshop participants had the opportunity to contribute towards highlighting priority areas for intervention to achieve “Openness” in the region and individual countries. Participants reviewed the UNESCO OA policy templates and worked out specific policies for their own country/institution.

Publications:

2014: "Open Access Indicators and Scholarly Communications in Latin America" is the result of a joint research and development project supported by UNESCO and undertaken by UNESCO in partnership with the Public Knowledge Project (PKP); the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO); the Network of Scientific Journals of Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and Portugal (RedALyC); Africa Journals Online (AJOL); the Latin America Social Sciences School- Brazil (FLACSO- Brazil); and the Latin American Council of Social Sciences (CLACSO)

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