Peru

The National Council for Science, Technology and Innovation (Consejo Nacional de Ciencia, Tecnología, e Innovación Tecnológica-CONCYTEC), within the Communication and Information Systems Direction, coordinates participation of Peru in Latindex, Scielo, BVS, and other regional open access initivatives, as well as training activities.

In May 2012, an open access legislation proposal has been introduced in Congress for the creation of a National Open Access Digital Repository for Science, Technology and Innovation, with membership from all public and private organizations and institutions that are part of the National System for Science, Technology and Innovation. on 13 November 2013, the National Senate of Peru approved and passed the national law on Open Access to scientific information. The law provides that those institutions of the National System of Science and Technology which receive funding from the National State must create institutional digital repositories with free and open access where the national scientific and technological production will be reported.

Peru is the only country in the Latin American region to have an open access law enacted in 2013, which made the country the second in Latin America after Argentina, to raise national legislation on the matter.

In the past decade, Peru has been very active in digital theses collections development and training. As a member of Cyberthesis and of the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations-NDLTD, who is organizing its 2012 World Symposium of Digital Theses and Dissertations in Peru, and since 2008 with the creation of a Peruvian Network of Digital Theses (Red Peruana de Tesis Digitales-RPTD), a collaborative initiative coordinated by Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos together with Cyberthesis, with theses collections from 8 universities, with access to full-text when available. RPTD is member in CoLaBoRa, the Latin America Community of Digital Libraries and Repositories.

Theses are also the main contents of 29 institutional repositories from Peru registered in OpenDOAR. The Institute of Peruvian Studies (Instituto de Estudios Peruanos-IEP) offers open access to full-text working documents and books. The Peruvian Academic Network (Red Académica Peruana / RAAP) is the national focal point of RedCLARA in Peru, and the national focal point of the Latin America Network of Institutional Repositories National Systems (Red Federada Latinoamericana de Repositorios Institucionales de Documentación Científica).

Six mandates are registered in ROARMAP, two funders' OA mandates and four research organizations. The accreditation legislation  that was recently passed requires dissemination of research results and will contribute to further development of open access repositories.

Concerning peer-review full-text open access journals from Peru:

  • A recent study (Open Access Indicators and Scholarly Communications in Latin America) shows that, as of 2014, 3.61% (195) OA journals indexed in Latindex and 1.58% (11) OA journals indexed in RedALyC are published in Peru.
  • in Scielo, Scielo Peru is coordinated by the National Council of Science, Technology and Innovation (Consejo Nacional de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación Tecnológica-CONCYTEC), the Major University of San Marcos (Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos) and the Pan American Health Organization representation in Peru (Representación en Perú de la Organización Panamericana de la Salud), and has a collection of 15 open access journals. Within a Scielo platform, CONCYTEC has developed Revistas Peruanas with 20 journals, and UNMSM runs its own collection of journals.

  • In DOAJ46 full-text open access journals are listed.

Several OJS training activities take place in Peru and as of 2013, 15 journals in Peru use OJS for open access journals.

Several universities, the National Library and Open Access Peru promote open access and organize events for the open access week every year, presentations, presence in Facebook and Twitter.

Together with other countries of the region, Peru participates in open access regional subject repositories with a growing number of full-texts, examples: health (BVS), agriculture (SIDALC), science (PERIÓDICA), education (Relpe), public management and policies (CLAD-SIARE), social sciences (CLACSO, FLACSO, CLASE), work (LABORDOC), information science (E-Lis), among others. And 10 university libraries from Peru participate with full-texts in the Biblioteca Digital Andina.

Creative Commons Peru promotes the use of open licenses in Peru.

5-8 March 2013: 30 experts and Policy specialists from 25 countries including Belize; Virgin Islands; St Vincent and Grenadines; St Kitts and Nevis and St Martin; Argentina; Brazil; Chile; Peru; Costa Rica; Dominican Republic; El Salvador; Guatemala; Uruguay and Mexico gathered in Kingston to develop strategies and a road map to implement open access policies in the Latin American and Caribbean Region. This was the first regional consultation on open access to scientific information and research organized by the UNESCO Kingston Cluster office in collaboration with Ministry of Ministry of Science, Technology, Energy and Mining, Ministry of Information, Government of Jamaica, University of West Indies and UNESCO National Commission for Jamaica. Workshop participants had the opportunity to contribute towards highlighting priority areas for intervention to achieve “Openness” in the region and individual countries. Participants reviewed the UNESCO OA policy templates and worked out specific policies for their own country/institution.

Publications:

2014: "Open Access Indicators and Scholarly Communications in Latin America" is the result of a joint research and development project supported by UNESCO and undertaken by UNESCO in partnership with the Public Knowledge Project (PKP); the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO); the Network of Scientific Journals of Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and Portugal (RedALyC); Africa Journals Online (AJOL); the Latin America Social Sciences School- Brazil (FLACSO- Brazil); and the Latin American Council of Social Sciences (CLACSO)

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