Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

As of June 2015, Venezuela has registered 16 OA digital repositories in OpenDOAR, mainly thesis collections in university repositories and journal articles. Venezuela also participates in Cybertesis. International OA Policy databases such as ROARMAP currently registers two institutional OA Policies from Venezuela.

The University of Los Andes is very active in promotion of open access and has an open access resolution (CU-0580, year 2008), registered in ROARMAP, for all theses and publications from the University to be deposited in the institutional repositories.

The National Center of Technological Research (Centro Nacional de Investigación Tecnológica - CENIT) and its National Academic Network (Red Académica Nacional-Reacciun) are the national focal point of RedCLARA (Latin America Cooperation of Advanced Networks) and of the Latin America Network of Institutional Repositories National Systems (Red Federada Latinoamericana de Repositorios Institucionales de Documentación Científica). The University of los Andes is a member of CoLaBoRa, the Latin America Community of Digital Libraries and Repositories.

The Venezuelan Academic Digital Library (Biblioteca Digital Académica Venezolana, BDAV) is a program of the National Association of Directors of Academic, University and Research Libraries and Information Services (Asociación Nacional de Directores de Bibliotecas, Redes y Servicios de Información del Sector Académico, Universitario y de Investigación-ANABISAI) together with Universidad de los Andes. BDAV is a harvester of institutional repositories from Venezuela, with search facilities for users.

Universidad de Oriente (UDO) is a partner that contributes contents in The Digital Library of the Caribbean (dLOC), that provides users with open access to Caribbean cultural, historical and research. And three university libraries from Venezuela participate with full-texts in the Andean Digital Library (Biblioteca Digital Andina).

In DOAJ, currently 61 open access full-text journals from Venezuela are registered. The national focal point of Latindex in Venezuela is the National Fund for Science, Technology and Innovation FONACIT. In ROAD, 3 OA journals are currently indexed.

The Index and Electronic Library of Science and Technology Journals from Venezuela REVENCYT (Indice y Biblioteca Electrónica de Revistas Venezolanas de Ciencia y Tecnología) was developed by the Foundation for Science and Technology Development from Mérida (Fundación para el Desarrollo de la Ciencia y la Tecnología del estado Mérida) and the Andes University (Universidad de los Andes, ULA) for access to certified quality journals.

As of June 2015, The Scielo Venezuela collection has 51 full-text peer-review journals from Venezuela. It has been developed by the Biomedical National Documentation and Information System (Sistema Nacional de Documentación e Información Biomédica -SINADIB), the Ministry of Science and Technology (Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología- MCT), the National Fund for Technology and Innovation (Fondo Nacional de Tecnología e Innovación - FONACIT), the Foundation National Center for Technological Innovation (Fundación Centro Nacional de Innovación Tecnológica - CENIT) with support from BIREME/OPS/OMS and the Faculty of Medicine of the Central Univesity of Venezuela (Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Central de Venezuela.

An agreement of REVENCYT with Redalyc ensures that peer-review journals from Venezuela are indexed in the Venezuela collection within Redalyc, today with 56 peer-review open access full-text journals, with bibliometric indicators and the scienciometric atlas of Venezuela.

The University of Zulia (Revicyh), for journals from the University, has developed an open access journal portal with OJS.

Venezuela participates in open access regional subject repositories with a growing number of full-texts, examples: health (BVS), agriculture (SIDALC), science (PERIÓDICA), education (Relpe), public management and policies (CLAD-SIARE), social sciences (CLACSO, FLACSO, CLASE), work (LABORDOC), information science (E-Lis), among others.

Creative Commons Venezuela promotes the use of open access licences in the country.

The University of Los Andes in Mérida has developed the wiki Open Access in Latin America (Acceso Abierto Latinamérica).

A recent study (Open Access Indicators and Scholarly Communications in Latin America) shows that, as of 2014, 4.73% of OA journals indexed in Latindex, 7.74% of OA journals indexed in RedALyC and 5.69% of OA journals indexed in SciELO are published in Venezuela. This corresponds to a total of 256, 54 and 51 locally published OA journals respectively. 

OA-related events:

International Open Access Week 2014:

  • 14 October 2014: Seminar "What is open Access?" held in Universidad de los Andes, Venezuela.
  • 5-8 March 2013: 30 experts and Policy specialists from 25 countries including Belize; Virgin Islands; St Vincent and Grenadines; St Kitts and Nevis and St Martin; Argentina; Brazil; Chile; Costa Rica; Dominican Republic; El Salvador; Guatemala; Uruguay and Mexico gathered in Kingston to develop strategies and a road map to implement open access policies in the Latin American and Caribbean Region. This was the first regional consultation on open access to scientific information and research organized by the UNESCO Kingston Cluster office in collaboration with Ministry of Ministry of Science, Technology, Energy and Mining, Ministry of Information, Government of Jamaica, University of West Indies and UNESCO National Commission for Jamaica. Workshop participants had the opportunity to contribute towards highlighting priority areas for intervention to achieve “Openness” in the region and individual countries. Participants reviewed the UNESCO OA policy templates and worked out specific policies for their own country/institution.



2014: "Open Access Indicators and Scholarly Communications in Latin America" is the result of a joint research and development project supported by UNESCO and undertaken by UNESCO in partnership with the Public Knowledge Project (PKP); the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO); the Network of Scientific Journals of Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and Portugal (RedALyC); Africa Journals Online (AJOL); the Latin America Social Science School- Brazil (FLACSO-Brazil); and the Latin American Council of Social Sciences (CLACSO).

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