CLARA-Cooperación Latino Americana de Redes Avanzadas (Latin American Cooperation of Advanced Networks), is a non-profit organization created in 2004 that has developed and operates RedCLARA, the advanced internet network to interconnect the national advanced academic networks from Latin America among themselves and with networks in the rest of the world. To date, the NREN connected to RedCLARA are from: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela. Concerning open access to scientific information, RedCLARA supports two projects:
Comunidad Latinoamericana de Bibliotecas y Repositorios Digitales (Latin America Digital Libraries and Repositories Collaboration Community). CoLaBoRa started activities in 2009 and addresses the need of cooperation among institutional repositories and regional OA repository initiatives in Latin American countries. In particular, CoLaBoRa aims to increase the visibility and presence of Latin American authors and institutions in the academic world and on the web. The network gathers researchers from 30 institutions in 10 countries including Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru, and Venezuela.
Submitted by RedCLARA to the Fund for Regional Public Assets of the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB), the project “Regional Strategy and Interoperability and Management Framework for a Latin American Federated Network of Institutional Scientific Documentation Repositories”, was endorsed by the IADB on June 2010. Its purpose is the creation of a consensual strategy and a framework of agreements related to interoperability and information management for the construction and maintenance of a federated network of institutional scientific publications repositories in the region. Also RedCLARA, together with The Confederation of Open Access Repositories (COAR) and CoLaBoRa signed a Memorandum of Understanding committed to work towards the establishment of a regional branch of COAR in Latin America.