Memory of the World

Mexico, Italy and Spain - The work of Fray Bernardino de Sahagún (1499-1590)

The work of Fray Bernardino de Sahagún (1499-1590) constitutes one of the most renowned historic sources of ancient Mexico. He was a pioneer of modern anthropology and showed singular commitment, reticence and intelligence. His work contains the Matritense Codex, a manuscript product of the great ethnographic research in the New Spain of the mid-16th century and the Florentine Codex, a manuscript in two columns with texts in Náhuatl and Spanish.

Photos: © National Library of Anthropology and History

The submitted images (preserved in the collections of the National Library of Anthropology and History) are taken from the facsimile editions of the General Archive of the Nation in the case of the Florentine Codex, and of the University of Oklahoma in the case of the Matritense Codex. The original documents are respectively in the Laurentian Library in Florence, Italy, and in the Libraries of the Royal Palace and the Royal Academy of History in Madrid, Spain.

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