Strategy - Biennial sectoral priority 2: Advocating the inclusion of culture and intercultural dialogue in development policies to foster a culture of peace and non-violence

Extracts from Approved Programme and Budget 2012-2013
36 C/5
Major Programme IV

04064 - The second biennial priority will focus on demonstrating the cultural dimension of development and fostering international cooperation in the cultural field, aimed at achieving development goals. The accent will be on developing operational projects as the basis for evidence-based policy-making and programming.

04065 - In a departure from previous practice, the two MLAs under this priority will feed into all other MLAs under Major Programme IV and seek to consolidate synergies between the different parts of the sector, at Headquarters and in the field, and between thematic programmes, initiatives and normative instruments, in order to contribute to the achievement of the overarching objectives of the 34 C/4.


Main line of action 5: Promoting the role of culture in development at global, regional and national levels

04066 - UNESCO will capitalize on the results of its advocacy work undertaken at the international level during 2010-2011 to gain acknowledgement of the importance of culture to the achievement of the MDGs and, more generally, development, as set out in the outcome document of the High-Level Plenary Meeting on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) (New York, September 2010) and United Nations General Assembly resolution 65/166 adopted on 20 December 2010. It will continue its advocacy work in order to broaden strategic institutional and operational partnerships and to strengthen the participation and commitment of development actors, especially donor countries, development banks, international and non-governmental organizations, the private sector and civil society. Efforts to ensure that culture forms part of an integrated United Nations system approach to development, as a “missing link” in the development equation as determined by the MDGs, will be pursued.

04067 - Such advocacy, coupled with standard-setting action under Major Programme IV, operational cultural projects conducive to sustainable development, activities linked to intercultural dialogue, peace and international partnerships, will be pursued in order to consolidate worldwide commitment to the important ties between culture and development at the Rio+20 Summit in 2012 and other relevant international fora.

04068 - At the country level, action will be continued in order to include culture in United Nations common country programming exercises, notably UNDAFs, and to formulate a strategy for analysing and sharing information on cultural entry-points in UNDAFs that already include culture. An approach that promotes cultural diversity, gender equality and human rights will be encouraged, in particular in the context of “Delivering as One”. Similarly, the implementation of the 18 joint programmes approved under the MDG Achievement Fund will be completed and action initiated in 2011 to capitalize on joint programme outcomes will be continued. For that purpose, a knowledge management database attesting to the contribution of culture to the MDGs and to development will be compiled.

04069 - Activities will also be designed to continue efforts undertaken to increa -se statistical knowledge and improve the measurement of potentialities in the field of culture in order to demonstrate their impact on economic development and strengthen the role of culture in Member States’ development policies. Furthermore, this exercise should lead to the identification of economic and cultural indicators, to the development of tools for strengthening cultural entrepreneurship and South-South and South-South North cooperation, and to the integration of cultural indicators into the United Nations monitoring and evaluation of development and, above all, into UNDP’s forthcoming human development reports.

04070 - UNESCO will continue its work to create an environment conducive to the emergence of cultural and creative industries and their impact on the economic development of developing countries in cultural and artistic fields in which UNESCO’s expertise has been acknowledged. This relates to books and translation, in particular through the World Book Capital and Index Translationum activities, and to crafts through the Award of Excellence and the Design 21 programme. A third Forum on Culture and Cultural Industries will be organized, financed through extrabudgetary resources.

04071 - Initiatives to promote sustainable development in cities, in a world context of growing urbanization, will further explore the challenges relating to the preservation of the heritage under MLA 1 to the ecological and social balance of embedded urban communities, and to the fostering of cities as vanguards of creativity, innovation and technology so as to increase their contribution to sustainable development. To this end, the Creative Cities Network will be further developed to better capitalize on cities as major partners in achieving results.

04072 - The new Global Partnership for Museums project will mobilize major scientific and technical stakeholders and development partners in order to promote and strengthen the role of museums as social, educational and economic actors, particularly in Africa and in the least developed countries. The goal will be to build their capacities in the fields of (i) heritage safeguarding, (ii) raising awareness of cultural diversity, and (iii) economic entrepreneurship in local crafts, cultural industries and cultural tourism. The project will draw on successful experiments and on quantitative and qualitative studies in formulating projects with educational and multiplier effects.

04073 - Finally, guided by the 2007 United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, joint action with the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Peoples’ Issues, governments and sister agencies will be strengthened in order to reinforce the integration of indigenous peoples’ rights and issues in common country programming. Efforts to prevent and combat gender inequality and gender-based violence through intercultural dialogue will be strengthened in partnerships with indigenous women’s associations.

04074 - In line with the decisions of the General Conference to transfer a total of 1.5 million dollars from MLAs 5 and 6 to MLAs 2 and 4, many of the activities foreseen under BSP 2 will depend entirely on extrabudgetary resources. These are clearly indicated in the text under the related Benchmarks.

Expected results at the end of the biennium


Expected result 14: Approaches to culture and development clarified in order to guide and assist Member States in devising inclusive development policies

Performance indicator

  • Definitions, concepts, and approaches related to Culture and Development formulated 

    Benchmarks
    – at least 1 expert meeting convened (extrabudgetary resources)
    – at least 2 research papers and two policy papers produced
    – at least 1 comprehensive document produced to guide and assist Member States

Expected result 15: The role of culture in sustainable development better integrated into international development policies and within United Nations common country programming exercises in order to reinforce social inclusion and community cohesion, human development and economic growth

Performance indicator 

  • The role of culture in sustainable development acknowledged in international development policies 

    Benchmarks
    – at least 2 strategic partnerships promoting the role of culture in sustainable development established with international development entities and/or United Nations agencies
    – the role of culture for development addressed at the Rio+20 Conference in 2012


Performance indicator

  • Culture integrated in United Nations joint programming exercises, including UNDAFs 

    Benchmarks
    – 10 UNDAFs integrating culture, gender equality and human rights
    – culture-inclusive UNDAF database established
    – 18 joint programmes implemented and completed and related knowledge management established (extrabudgetary resources)
    – 4 strategic partnership agreements signed and implemented with international development entities and United Nations agencies
    – 3 culturally appropriate and gender responsible policies and actions supported in the field of HIV and AIDS and maternal health (extrabudgetary resources)


Performance indicator

  • United Nations entities and Member States contribute to technical meetings on Culture and Development 

    Benchmarks
    – 4 regional and/or thematic experts meetings conducted (extrabudgetary resources)
    – conclusions adopted globally


Performance indicator

  • Advocacy, outreach and monitoring on the role of culture in development 

    Benchmarks
    – 2 UNESCO publications produced (extrabudgetary resources) and at least 1 contribution to a United Nations publication
    – networks of professionals and development actors reinforced


Performance indicator

  • Cultural diversity and intercultural dialogue principles in regional policy agendas and United Nations priorities 

    Benchmarks
    – at least 1 contribution each to joint initiatives of the IASG with the United Nations Forum on Indigenous Issues, to the Decade on Education for Sustainable Development, and to EDUCAIDS
    – at least 1 paper on culturally appropriate strategies to fight gender-based violence produced with indigenous women’s associations (extrabudgetary resources)

Expected result 16: Contributions of cities to sustainable development enhanced

Performance indicator 

  • Strengthened cooperation between cities in
    industrialized and developing countries 

    Benchmarks
    – at least 10 new cities, including 6 in Africa,
    the Arab States, the Caribbean and the
    Pacific, become members of the Creative Cities
    Network (extrabudgetary resources)
    – 5 network activities designed to strengthen
    awareness of cities’ role in economic, social
    and cultural development (extrabudgetary
    resources)


Performance indicator

  • Artistic and cultural activities in cities in
    developing countries contribute to development 

    Benchmarks

    – 5 festivals in Africa
    – 5 other activities in Africa or other regions
    (extrabudgetary resources)

Expected result 17: Activities in the fields of books, translation and crafts promoted

Performance indicator 

  • Links between handicrafts, design and tourism strengthened in developing countries 

    Benchmarks
    – craftspeople winning the UNESCO Award of Excellence for crafts in 3 regions and in 5 subregions (extrabudgetary resources)
    – initiatives to train craftswomen in at least 3 regions (extrabudgetary resources)
    – young designers taking part in competitions organized under Design 21 (extrabudgetary resources)


Performance indicator

  • The role of the book and measures to promote translations through the global database strengthened – initiatives to promote books in 5 developing countries (extrabudgetary resources)

    Benchmarks
    – 2 cities selected as World Book Capital
    – number of countries providing data to the Index Translationium (extrabudgetary resources)

Expected result 18: Social, economic and educational roles of museums as vectors of sustainable development and intercultural dialogue promoted and capacity-building in this area strengthened, in particular in developing countries

Performance indicator 

  • Development of partnerships for museums in Africa and LDCs 

    Benchmarks
    – 3 new partnerships and 3 high-level regional meetings
    – 4 operational projects

Performance indicator

  • Educational role of museums strengthened to attract new public, men, women, boys and girls 

    Benchmark
    – 4 operational projects

Performance indicator

  • Inventories, basic conservation, security and store-rooms improved 

    Benchmarks
    – 5 customized training activities with emphasis on Africa and LDCs
    – 5 inventories
    – 2 multi-language pedagogical tools

Expected result 19: Indigenous and endangered languages promoted and protected

Performance indicator 

  • Targeted initiatives taken at global, regional and national levels 

    Benchmarks
    – 2 UNESCO monitoring tools on linguistic diversity (notably endangered languages and translation flows) are updated (extrabudgetary resources)
    – at least 1 activity per region to monitor, safeguard or promote endangered and indigenous languages (extrabudgetary resources)

Main line of action 6: Promoting intercultural dialogue, social cohesion and a culture of peace and non-violence

04075 - Action will focus on initiatives arising from the International Year for the Rapprochement of Cultures, 2010, on the strategic cooperation with the Alliance of Civilizations (AoC), and on tourism as a vector for mutual understanding and social cohesion, as well as on existing programmes, such as the Creative Cities (MLA 5); World Heritage in Young Hands (MLA 1), the Arabia Plan and projects highlighting the role of living cultures and artistic expressions in fostering social cohesion (MLA 4).

04076 - Social cohesion projects with emphasis on the role of living cultures and artistic expressions, such as DREAM Centres, will be implemented, including in post-conflict or post-disaster countries. Incentive measures relating to the role of art education as conducive to social cohesion, and a factor of sustainable development, will likewise be taken, in conjunction with Major Programme I. Operational projects under the World Heritage in Young Hands programme will enhance young people’s role in contributing to dialogue and regional integration through their personal involvement in heritage conservation.

04077 - In order to illustrate intercultural dialogue in action more effectively and in a historical perspective, the Slave Route: Resistance, Liberty, Heritage and the General and Regional Histories projects will be reoriented towards a multidisciplinary and intersectoral approach, designed to combat historically inherited prejudice and stereotypes and to promote mutual understanding, in particular through the development of research, the preservation of the tangible and intangible cultural heritage and the production of teaching and information materials. These programmes will seek specifically to contribute to reflection on the construction of new identities and forms of citizenship and to a culture of peace through the promotion of shared heritage derived from cultural interaction and from the instances of confrontation and domination that have marked human history and collective memory. Efforts will be made to take the particular role played by women in the history of the various regions and in resistance to slavery better into account.

04078 - A new initiative, Heritage and Dialogue, will seek to develop new approaches to complex issues through the creation of subregional working groups on heritage management, conservation and promotion. Covering World Heritage, intangible cultural heritage, cultural industries, museums and cultural institutions, the expert groups will exchange information and experiences on heritage policies and management; promote conservation and management of heritage in the region; promote understanding of the significance of heritage for the different communities involved; address issues that may arise from practices of heritage; promote joint initiatives for the nomination, conservation, management and promotion of heritage in the region; and promote training and capacity-building and exchanges between professionals. The working groups will be composed of technical experts designated by each Member State involved in the process. They will have a permanent character and will meet periodically to address specific issues, facilitated by UNESCO.

04079 - Certain activities foreseen under this MLA will be implemented as part of Major Programme IV’s contribution to the intersectoral platform for the promotion of a culture of peace and non-violence. They will include partnerships with women’s and youth associations involved in intercultural dialogue, in view of their key role in conflict resolution, reconciliation and peace building.

04080 - Finally, Major Programme IV will actively contribute to the intersectoral programme “Rabindranath Tagore, Pablo Neruda and Aimé Césaire for a Reconciled Universal”, promoting a fresh look at contemporary challenges through the universal message of these three authors.

Expected results at the end of the biennium


Expected result 20: Heritage promoted as a vector of dialogue, cooperation and mutual understanding, especially in post-conflict countries as a specific component of broader initiatives to promote innovative and creative approaches to culture as a bridge to sustainable social, economic and human development

Performance indicator 

  • At least 5 subregional expert working groups established 

    Benchmarks
    – at least 1 meeting per group
    – 1 action plan per group (extrabudgetary resources)

Expected result 21: Promotion and use of the general and regional histories published by UNESCO strengthened, for educational purposes


Performance indicator 

  • Teaching and information materials based on the General and Regional Histories 

    Benchmarks
    – 2 promotional events in different regions, in particular an event highlighting women’s role in history
    – 2 sets of teaching and information materials

Performance indicator

  • Integration of contents based on the General History of Africa into school curricula (extrabudgetary funds) 

    Benchmark
    – 3 content components for primary and secondary schools in Africa and 3 teachers’ guides

Expected result 22: Knowledge of the slave trade, slavery and the African diaspora enhanced

Performance indicator 

  • Teaching materials on the slave trade and slavery developed and disseminated 

    Benchmark
    – 2 sets of teaching and awareness-raising materials

Performance indicator

  • Scientific studies on the slave trade, cultural heritage and itineraries of memory linked to the slave trade and slavery strengthened 

    Benchmark
    – 2 studies on the slave trade and on sites of memory

Expected result 23: Conditions, capacities and arrangements for intercultural dialogue and a culture of peace strengthened locally, nationally and regionally


Performance indicator 

  • Multidisciplinary initiatives contributing to the intersectoral programme “Rabindranath Tagore, Pablo Neruda and Aimé Césaire for a Reconciled Universal” 

    Benchmark
    – 2 initiatives and audiences targeted for the promotion of a reconciled universal in educational, scientific and cultural environments (extrabudgetary resources)

Performance indicator

  • Improved knowledge of cultural interaction between the Arab-Muslim world and the rest of the world 

    Benchmark
    – 2 activities of the Arabia Plan focused on youth and dialogue(extrabudgetary resources)

Performance indicator

  • Living cultures and artistic expressions foster social cohesion 

    Benchmark
    – steps taken in at least 5 countries to act on the Seoul Agenda (extrabudgetary resources)
    – 3 new DREAMS Centres (extrabudgetary resources)

Performance indicator

  • Strengthening of intercultural skills/ competences as prerequisites for sustainable dialogue 

    Benchmark
    – guidelines and pedagological materials developed and disseminated within networks and to UNESCO’s partners

 

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