Funded Projects

Afghanistan

Jam Minaret, Afghanistan © Claudio Margottini

In 2018, the Committee approved the financial assistance in the amount of US$ 45,000 to Afghanistan, in support of preparatory measures for activities that are in conformity with Articles 5 and 30 of the 1999 Second Protocol.

The financial allocation contract has been recently concluded between Afghanistan and UNESCO. Under this contract, Afghanistan will be able, among other things, to develop a strategic action plan on priorities for the protection of cultural property against foreseeable consequences of armed conflict and organize an advanced training for military trainers and legal advisors on the protection of cultural property in times of armed conflict.

Burkina Faso

Ruins of Loropéni, Burkina Faso© CRA-terre / Ensag

In 2019, the Committee granted to Burkina Faso US $44,628 from the Fund for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict with a view to implementing the following activities:

  • organisation of an awareness-raising meeting for the members of the Inter-ministerial Committee on Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law on the Second Protocol of 1999;
  • drawing, with all the national stakeholders, of an action plan to implement the 1954 Convention and its two Protocols, including the improvement of national legislation and the preparation of  requests for the granting of enhanced protection, progressively, to eleven cultural properties;
  • preparation of a legislative act focused on the protection of cultural property in the event of armed conflict; and
  • preparation of a request to inscribe 11 properties on the list of enhanced protection.

Once the financial allocation contract is concluded, Burkina Faso will be able to perform the aforementioned activities in cooperation with UNESCO.

El Salvador

Joya de Cerén Archaeological Site, El Salvador © Joann Miller

A sum of US $23,500 was granted to El Salvador in December 2011 by the Committee for the purpose of publicizing the Blue Shield emblem and its role and identifying cultural property to be placed under its protection in the event of armed conflict.

The financial assistance granted to El Salvador allowed this country, among other activities, to promote awareness of the Blue Shield emblem locally. The aim was, through various workshops, to ensure that the Salvadoran population would recognize the protective emblem of cultural property in the event of armed conflict. In addition, 11 identified buildings were considered by the local authorities as cultural property to be placed under the protection of the Blue Shield, among them we find the Palace of Fine Arts, the Arch Duran or the National Theatre of San Salvador.

 

Libya

Archaeological Site of Cyrene, Libya © UNESCO

In 2016, the Committee granted US $50,000 to Libya for emergency measures to ensure the adequate protection of the cultural property concerned and to prevent their deterioration, destruction or looting.

The amount granted has enabled Libya to secure, rehabilitate and restore two local museums and to protect the cultural property located in two oases.

  • On the one hand, Libya managed to establish an inventory of the scattered objects and tools contained in the Al Gaygab and Gasr Libya Museums, but also to strengthen their security by installing alarms and a surveillance camera system.
  • On the other hand, Libya successfully completed the re-burial of part of the graves and remnants of the remaining graves in the Al-Gaghbub and Al-Koffra oases.
  • Finally, the awareness campaign carried out by the authorities paid off as a large number of citizens handed over antiquities from the graves in Al-Gaghbub oasis and pottery in the Gasr Libya and Al-Gaygab Museums, which were kept in private hands for several years.

Mali

Old Towns of Djenné, Mali © Ko Hon Chiu Vincent

A sum of US $40,500 was granted as emergency assistance to Mali in December 2012 by the Committee with the main aim of protecting cultural property in the north of the country and making an appraisal of the situation. During the 11th Committee for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict, in 2016, US $ 40,000 was granted to Mali related to the request for the granting of enhanced protection for the Tomb of Askia submitted by the Malian authorities. In 2018, US $15,000 was approved by the Committee to Mali, in support of preparatory measures for activities that are in conformity with the 1999 Second Protocol.

Under the first financial contribution, Mali was able to carry out various assessments and intervention missions with regard to its cultural property.

  • In particular, Mali assessed the state of conservation of several buildings, including archaeological sites inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List (Djenné-Djeno, Hambarkétolo, Tonomba, etc.) but also museums with the collections stored there (Sahel Museum and Sikasso Museum).
  • These various evaluations have highlighted certain shortcomings, which then required action to improve them. By way of example, the Regional Museum of Sikasso was the subject of an emergency intervention for the treatment of the collections (disinsectisation of the premises and fumigation of the infested objects) and of the facilities (reinforcement of the physical capacities of the building with, in particular, the sealing of the building).

The second international assistance mainly relates to the Tomb of Askia, which has been inscribed on the List of Cultural Property under Enhanced Protection.

  • Mali has been able to raise awareness among local communities and customary authorities of the enhanced protection status of the Tomb, notably through meetings held in the courtyard of the site and at the Governorate of the region, bringing together various stakeholders.
  • Within the framework of the preparation of an inventory of the movable property and the establishment of emergency plans against the collapse of the building and the risk of fire, a study contract was signed between the Malian National Directorate of Cultural Heritage and a Consultant specializing in preventive conservation measures for cultural property.
  • Lastly, Mali has drawn up and adopted a plan for the continuous training of its armed forces in the protection and promotion of the cultural heritage in the event of armed conflict.

Under the third financial assistance recently granted, Mali, in cooperation with UNESCO, undertook, among other actions to draft a legislative amendment transposing the provisions of Chapter IV of the 1999 Second Protocol into Malian national law.

 

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