Study group on awareness-raising for the protection of cultural property and marking of the National Historical Museum of Argentina with the distinctive emblem of the Hague Convention
Celebration of the 60th anniversary of the UNESCO Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict
National Historical Museum (Defensa 1600), Buenos Aires, Argentina, Thursday 8 May 2014, 11:00 a.m.
A round-table on raising awareness for the protection of cultural property was held under the auspices of the Ministry of Defense and the Secretariat of Culture of the Nation of Argentina, in collaboration with the Culture Sector of UNESCO’s Regional Office in Montevideo. After the event, the distinctive emblem of the Hague Convention of 1954 for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict was affixed to the National Historical Museum of the Republic of Argentina.
The display of the distinctive emblem aims at highlighting the importance of this museum as a National Historic Landmark and the need to protect it as much as possible from war damages in the event of armed conflict.
The horrors of the Second World War, which not only caused the loss of millions of lives but also the destruction of a large amount of cultural property, have highlighted the importance of the protection of cultural property in the event of armed conflict. The Hague Convention of 1954 was therefore adopted to strengthen the protection of cultural property. Argentina acceded in 1989.
In order to complete this international instrument, a First Protocol was added to it in the same year, regulating the restitution of cultural property removed from their place of origin, to which the Republic of Argentina adhered in 2007. A Second Protocol was adopted in 1999 to strengthen and complement the general legal regime for the protection of cultural property in the event of armed conflict; Argentina acceded to the Second Protocol in 2002.
In the framework of the 60th anniversary of the signing of the Convention, UNESCO participates in and contributes to the activities organized by the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Worship, and the Secretariat of Culture of the Nation to reaffirm the relevance of the Convention now more than ever. The persistence of international conflicts and civil wars in some regions of the world is indeed a serious threat to the preservation and safeguarding of cultural property and recalls the fundamental importance of implementing, in peacetime, preventive measures such as signaling, inventories, training and dissemination of information.