Download the PDF version of all the help pages


The annual population growth rate refers to the rate at which the population was increasing or decreasing (negative sign) in the latest available year, expressed as a percentage of the base population.

Population distribution by age and sex refers to the total population disaggregated by sex and age, based on the classification approach in your country. For reference, the UN Population Division uses the following broad age groups in its ‘World Population Prospects’: 0-14; 15-59; 60+.

Migrant stock as a percentage of the population: International migrant stock is the percentage of the total population of a country of people born in a country other than that in which they live. It also includes refugees. The data used to estimate the international migrant stock at a particular time are obtained mainly from population censuses.

Official languages may be defined as languages that have legal status in a particular legally constituted political entity, such as a State or part of a State, and that are used in public administration and for government functions. Official languages are usually the languages of instruction in public schools. In some contexts, the terms ‘state language’ or ‘national language’ are used in the sense described above.

Adult literacy rate is the percentage of people ages 15 and above who can, with understanding, read and write a short, simple statement on their everyday life.

Feature film: A film with a running time of 60 minutes or longer. It includes works of fiction, animation and documentaries. It is intended for commercial exhibition in cinemas. Feature films produced exclusively for television broadcasting, as well as newsreels and advertising films, are excluded.

Foreign feature film: A film in which no nationally registered producers have any ownership of the film.

National production: A national feature film produced for cinema released by producers of national origin including 100% national feature film and co-productions. It excludes production of foreign feature films.

International co-production: A feature film produced by one or more producers of national origin and one or more producers from other countries. It can be a majority, a minority or parity co-production.

Distribution company: A commercial establishment that is engaged in the selling, renting, lending or exchanging of feature films to cinemas. They can also be responsible for the marketing and promotion of feature films, the collection of revenues and their distribution. Only companies which distributed feature films in theatrical release and which were active (that had at least one theatrical feature in distribution during the reference year) are considered.

National distribution company: A company where more than 50% ownership/control of a business or resource is by individuals who are citizens of that country or by companies whose headquarters are in that country. It excludes foreign affiliates.

Type of TV and radio programmes
UNESCO-UIS proposes a typology of TV programmes that includes 27 categories that fit into 8 groups: Entertainment, Information, Culture, Sport, Fiction, Children, Educational and Others.

  • Entertainment includes reality TV, game and lottery shows, on-set TV shows, teleshopping and other entertainment.
  • Information includes news programmes, news magazines and other information.
  • Culture includes performance, cultural magazine and other culture.
  • Sport includes live football, sport magazines and other live sporting events.
  • Fiction includes cinema movies, TV movies, serials and other fiction.
  • Children includes children's programmes, children's series and other.
  • Educational includes documentary, practical, religion, coaching and other educational programmes.
  • Other includes all the programmes that could not be included in the other categories.

Domestic production refers to programmes that are produced by companies (broadcasters or commissioned producers) located in the country and specifically targeted to the domestic population

Foreign production refers to programmes that are produced and funded outside of the respondent country and that are not specifically edited (i.e. dubbed or subtitled) for the domestic population of the respondent country

Media organizations/companies by type of ownership:

  • Public: the media organization is owned by the government/State.
  • Private: the media organization is owned by a person, group of persons or a private company.
  • Community: the media organization is owned by a community organization or non-governmental organization (NGO)

Participatory governance of culture: Recognizing that the system of governance for culture involves a range of governmental and non-governmental actors, the Convention encourages Parties to facilitate the active participation of a diversity of actors in policy-making processes as well as sharing responsibility in policy implementation. This may involve the participation of various government ministries/departments, for example, education, social affairs, employment, tax, trade and competition, enterprise development, and so on. It may also involve the active participation of civil society, individuals (e.g. women and young people) and social groups including persons belonging to minorities and indigenous peoples.

Estimated number of Internet users: The estimated number of Internet users out of total population. This includes those using the Internet from any device (including mobile phones) in the last 12 months. A growing number of countries are measuring this through household surveys.  In countries where household surveys are available, this estimate should correspond to the estimated number derived from the percentage of Internet users collected. (If the survey covers percentage of the population for a certain age group (e.g., 15-74 years old, the estimated number of Internet users should be derived using this percentage, and note indicating the scope and coverage of the survey should be provided). In situations where surveys are not available, an estimate can be derived based on the number of Internet subscriptions.

Back to top