Seven connected dimensions

Quantifying culture’s role in development processes is a conceptual minefield, as the Analytical Framework outlines. With this in mind, the Culture for Development Indicators seek to identify the relationships between different dimensions related to culture and examine them for the first time within the framework of a particular thematic question: culture and development.

To this end, the Culture for Development Indicators look at seven policy areas, called “dimensions”. These dimensions are illustrated by one to four sub-dimensions, which focus on a particular angle of the dimension in order to help elucidate its role in development processes. Each sub-dimension is in turn represented by at least one indicator.

Most of the indicators suggested are based on existing data or can be easily derived from national sources. The methodology intentionally focuses on such national sources as they are often the most relevant, accurate and up-to-date.

A distinguishing feature of the Indicators is to facilitate a joint reading of these dimensions within the particular thematic framework of culture and development in order to bring out new meanings and nuances – that may have future policy implications. The underlying hypothesis of the Indicators is that such an innovative approach, along with a specific standard methodology provided by UNESCO, will open new perspectives for demonstrating and highlighting the links between culture and development.

The following table recapitulates the dimensions and sub-dimensions addressed:




1. Added value of cultural activities to GDP
2. Employment in culture
3. Household expenditures on culture


1. Complete, fair and inclusive education for all
2. Valorization of interculturality, cultural diversity and creativity in the first two years of secondary school
3. Training of professionals in the cultural sector


1. Promotion and valorization of heritage


1. Freedom of Expression
2. Access and Internet use
3. Diversity of media content

Governance and Institutionality

1. Standard-setting framework for culture
2. Policy and institutional framework for culture
3. Distribution of cultural infrastructure
4. Civil society participation in cultural governance

Social Participation

1. Participation in cultural activities
2. Trust
3. Freedom of self-determination

Gender Equality

1. Levels of gender equality
2. Perception of gender equality

Back to top