Glossary


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Acceptance:  A legal instrument deposited with the Director-General of UNESCO, affirming a State’s or regional economic integration organization’s consent to be bound by this Convention.  This Convention shall be subject to ratification, acceptance, approval or accession by Member States of UNESCO in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures.  
Sources: Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions & Summary of Practice of the Secretary-General as Depository of Multilateral Treaties.

Accession:  A legal instrument deposited with the Director-General of UNESCO, affirming a State’s or regional economic integration organization’s consent to be bound by this Convention.  This Convention shall be subject to ratification, acceptance, approval or accession by Member States of UNESCO in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures.   
Sources: Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions & Summary of Practice of the Secretary-General as Depository of Multilateral Treaties.

Approval:  A legal instrument deposited with the Director-General of UNESCO, affirming a State’s or regional economic integration organization’s consent to be bound by this Convention.  This Convention shall be subject to ratification, acceptance, approval or accession by Member States of UNESCO in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures.    
Sources: Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions & Summary of Practice of the Secretary-General as Depository of Multilateral Treaties.

Conference of Parties (CoP):  The plenary and ultimate decision-making body of the Convention, the CoP meets every two years in an ordinary session.  A country automatically becomes a member of the CoP when it accepts/approves/accedes to/ratifies the Convention.  See Article 22 of the Convention for details on the CoP’s main responsibilities.
Source: Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.

Cultural diversity:  Refers to the manifold ways in which the cultures of groups and societies find expression. These expressions are passed on within and among groups and societies.  Cultural diversity is made manifest not only through the varied ways in which the cultural heritage of humanity is expressed, augmented and transmitted through the variety of cultural expressions, but also through diverse modes of artistic creation, production, dissemination, distribution and enjoyment, whatever the means and technologies used.
Source: Article 4.1 of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.

Cultural content:  Refers to the symbolic meaning, artistic dimension and cultural values that originate from or express cultural identities.
Source: Article 4.2 of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.

Cultural expressions:  Those expressions that result from the creativity of individuals, groups and societies, and that have cultural content.

Cultural activities, goods and services:  Refers to those activities, goods and services, which at the time they are considered as a specific attribute, use or purpose, embody or convey cultural expressions, irrespective of the commercial value they may have. Cultural activities may be an end in themselves, or they may contribute to the production of cultural goods and services.
Source: Article 4.4 of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.

Cultural industries:  Industries that produce and distribute cultural goods or services.
Source: Article 4.5 of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.

Cultural policies and measures:  Policies and measures relating to culture, whether at the local, national, regional or international level that are either focused on culture as such or are designed to have a direct effect on cultural expressions of individuals, groups or societies, including on the creation, production, dissemination, distribution of and access to cultural activities, goods and services.
Source: Article 4.6 of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.

Developing and least-developed countries eligible to apply for the International Fund for Cultural diversity:  Countries that have ratified the Convention and are designated “least developed economies and economies in transition” on the basis of the official UNCTAD classification system.

Extraordinary session: Any meeting of the Conference of Parties or the Intergovernmental Committee taking place outside of ordinary sessions.  The Conference of Parties may meet in extraordinary session if it so decides or if the Intergovernmental Committee receives a request to that effect from at least one third of the Parties.  The Intergovernmental Committee can meet in extraordinary session at the request of at least two thirds of its Members.
Source: Rules of Procedure of the Conference of Parties.

Interculturality:  Refers to the existence and equitable interaction of diverse cultures and the possibility of generating shared cultural expressions through dialogue and mutual respect.
Source: Article 4.8 of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.

Intergovernmental Committee (IGC):  Composed of 24 elected representatives of the Conference of Parties for a period of either two or four years.  The IGC meets once a year may meet in extraordinary sessions at the request of at least two thirds of its Members to address specific issues.  See Article 23.6 of the Convention for more information on the IGC’s main responsibilities.
Source: Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.

International Fund for Cultural Diversity (IFCD):  A multi-donor Fund to promote sustainable development and poverty reduction in developing countries through support for projects and activities that aim to foster the emergence of a dynamic cultural sector.
Source: Article 18 of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.

Observers:  1) representatives of Member States of UNESCO not parties to the Convention, permanent observer missions to UNESCO, 2) representatives of the United Nations and organizations of the United Nations system and other intergovernmental organizations, which have concluded mutual representation agreements with UNESCO, and 3) intergovernmental organizations and non-governmental organizations having interests and activities in the field covered by the Convention invited by the Conference of Parties, who participate in the work of the Conference of Parties and/or the Intergovernmental Committee without the right to vote.
Source: Rules of Procedure of the Conference of Parties.

Operational Guidelines:  Set of text elaborated by the Intergovernmental Committee and adopted by the conference of Parties, providing general guidelines for the implementation and application of the provisions of the Convention.
Source: Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.

Ordinary session:  Regular statutory meetings of the Convention as laid out by Articles 22 and 23.  The Conference of Parties meets in ordinary session every two years, while the Intergovernmental Committee meets annually in ordinary session.
Source: Rules of Procedure of the Conference of Parties.

Party:  A State or regional economic integration organization that has accepted, acceded to, approved or ratified the Convention.   
Source: Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.

Point of Contact:  Upon becoming Parties to the Convention, each Party designates a Point of Contact, who is responsible for information sharing in relation to the Convention as outlined in Article 9. 
Source: Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.

Protection:  The adoption of measures aimed at the preservation, safeguarding and enhancement of the diversity of cultural expressions. “To protect” means to adopt such measures.
Source: Article 4.7 of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.

Ratification:  A legal instrument deposited with the Director-General of UNESCO, affirming a State’s or regional economic integration organization’s consent to be bound by this Convention.  This Convention shall be subject to ratification, acceptance, approval or accession by Member States of UNESCO in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures.    
Sources: Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions & Summary of Practice of the Secretary-General as Depository of Multilateral Treaties.

Representatives of vulnerable groups:  Women and other social groups, including persons belonging to minorities and indigenous peoples from developing countries that are Parties to the 2005 Convention.
Source: Article 7 of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.

Rules of Procedure:  The rules by which ordinary and extraordinary statutory meetings of the Convention are run.  The Conference of Parties adopts its own Rules of Procedure, while the Intergovernmental Committee prepares and submits to the Conference of Parties, for approval, its own Rules of Procedure. 
Source: Articles 22 & 23 of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.

UNESCO Conventions in the cultural domain

  • 1972 Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage:  Designed to ensure the identification, protection, conservation, presentation and transmission of cultural and natural heritage to future generations, this Convention recognizes the way in which people interact with nature, and the fundamental need to preserve the balance between the two.


  • 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage:  Designed to (a) safeguard the intangible cultural heritage; (b) ensure respect for the intangible cultural heritage of the communities, groups and individuals concerned; (c) raise awareness at the local, national and international levels of the importance of the intangible cultural heritage, and of ensuring mutual appreciation thereof; and (d) provide for international cooperation and assistance.

 

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