Recommendation on the Protection and Promotion of Museums and Collections

©S.Moutaque-Osséni/UNESCO

The elaboration of the Recommendation, formally adopted by the 38th session of the General Conference on 17 November 2015, originated from the desire to supplement and extend the application of standards and principles laid down in existing international instruments referring to the place of museums, and to their related roles and responsibilities. An issue that was increasingly called for, noting especially that the last international instrument wholly dedicated to museums dates to 1960.

Following the preparatory phase which included an expert assessment meeting in Rio de Janeiro in 2012 and after a series of Executive Board resolutions and General Conference Decisions (see detailed chronology and history below), 2013 saw the Member States inviting the Director-General to elaborate a preliminary text of a new non-binding standard-setting instrument, in the form of a recommendation, and to submit the text at its 38th session in November 2015 for its possible adoption.

On the basis of comments received from Member States, UNESCO, in close cooperation with the International Council of Museums (ICOM), prepared a final report containing the draft Recommendation which was transmitted to Member States by the Director-General (CL/4101) on 3 April 2015. This report and accompanying draft were examined at the intergovernmental meeting of experts (category II) at UNESCO Headquarters on 27 and 28 May 2015 and a final draft text of the Recommendation was adopted on 28 May 2015 to be submitted for adoption by the 38th session of the General Conference.

 

Decisions and Resolutions

[2011] 36th session of the General Conference “Protection and promotion of museums and collections” (36 C/Resolution 46)

[2012] 190th session of the Executive Board “Protection and promotion of museums and collections” (190 EX/Decision 11)

[2013] 191st session of the Executive Board “Preliminary study on the technical, legal and museological aspects relating to the desirability of a standard-setting instrument on the protection and promotion of museums and collections” (191 EX/Decision 8)

[2013] 37th session of the General Conference “Preliminary study on the technical, legal and museological aspects relating to the desirability of a standard-setting instrument on the protection and promotion of museums and collections” (37 C/Resolution 43)

[2014] 195th session of the Executive Board “Invitations to the intergovernmental meeting (Category II) related to a draft recommendation on the protection and promotion of museums and collections” (195 EX/Decision 35)

[2015] 38th session of the General Conference "Proposal for a non-binding standard-setting instrument on the protection and promotion of various aspects of the role of museums and collections"

 

Studies, Reports and related Comments/Observations by Member States

[2012] Two independent preliminary phase studies on the technical, legal and museological aspects relating to the desirability of a standard-setting instrument on the protection and promotion of museums and collections: on the legal and technical aspects; on the museological aspects

[2013] Observations submitted by the Member States on the two independent preliminary phase studies

[2014] Preliminary report on the draft Recommendation on the protection and promotion of museums and collections

[2015] Observations submitted by the Member States on the preliminary report

[2015] Secretariat report and the draft text of the Recommendation on Museums

[2015] Proposed Amendments submitted by Member States

[2015] Report of the Intergovernmental meeting of Experts (Category II) related to a draft Recommendation on the protection and promotion of museums, their diversity and their role in society

 

Events

[2012] International conference organized by UNESCO, with ICOM and IBRAM, in Rio de Janeiro

[2015] Category II intergovernmental meeting at UNESCO HQ, Paris

[2015] Adoption of the Recommendation at the 38th session of the General Conference, UNESCO HQ, Paris

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