Submerged landscapes

In certain areas, the subsiding soil or the rise of the water level have submerged whole landscapes. This is for instance the case in parts of the Baltic Sea, the North Sea and the Black Sea. Nowadays, their coastlines, forests, human dwellings and hunting sites can still be found, providing a precious insight not only into the face of the planet during the Ice Age, but also into the possible impacts of a future change in sea levels.

North Sea

Some of the world's best-preserved prehistoric landscapes have survived at the bottom of the North Sea. Dating from approx. 50,000-60,000 years ago, they contain traces of prehistoric and Neanderthalian hunting grounds and camp sites. It is estimated that hundreds or even thousands of square miles of post-Ice Age prehistoric landscapes may have survived in this way.

Baltic Sea

9,000 years ago, Denmark, Sweden and England were one continent and the Baltic Sea a lake. When the ice cap melted, due to the end of the Ice Age, the sea level rose and the many human settlements were submerged.

Black Sea

A submerged coastline 17 meters below the waters of the Black Sea provides evidence of a flooding 7,500 years ago, an event which is supposed to be a possible source for the story of Noah’s Ark. Scientists suppose that the Black Sea extended when melting glaciers raised the sea level of the Mediterranean, until a natural dam on the Bosporus broke. Proof of the prior smaller extension is provided by the remains of submerged Mesolithic settlements found off the coast of Turkey and the discovery of an ancient log boat at another site.

Underwater sites

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