The Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness (2005) and the Accra Agenda for Action (2008) are international commitments to continue to improve aid effectiveness. They are based on five key principles: ownership, alignment, harmonization, managing for results and mutual accountability. The Accra Agenda for Action identified three major challenges to be addressed in order to accelerate progress on aid effectiveness:
- Strengthening country ownership over development
- Building more effective and inclusive partnerships for development
- Delivering and accounting for development results
UNESCO is a member of the Working Party on Aid Effectiveness at the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Development Assistance Committee (OECD/DAC). It raised the visibility of education in the Accra High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness (2008).