Systematic and effective monitoring of progress towards the EFA goals is one of the twelve key strategies identified in the Dakar Framework for Action. Monitoring and evaluation, based on reliable education statistics, enables:
- progress and challenges to be assessed
- countries to be made accountable for their commitments
- areas of success or failure to be identified
- educational planning to be reinforced
- appropriate policy actions to be taken
UNESCO leads the EFA monitoring process through its Institute for Statistics and the EFA Global Monitoring Report:
- UNESCO Institute for Statistics is responsible for collecting data and statistics for the Education for All goals and for those Millennium Development Goals which relate to education.
- The EFA Global Monitoring Report is an annual publication which monitors the progress of countries and identifies global challenges in order to reach the EFA goals by the year 2015.
Since 1999, the EFA movement has been marked by two major assessments of both basic education and progress towards the EFA goals:
- The EFA 2000 Assessment
In the year 2000, more than 180 countries conducted an in-depth evaluation of basic education in order to measure progress made in the 1990s since the World Conference on EFA (Jomtien, Thailand) and to prepare for the World Education Forum that same year.
- EFA Mid-Term Review
At the half-way mark between the World Education Forum in Dakar (2000) and the target date of 2015, UNESCO has undertaken an extensive review of progress towards the EFA goals through national and regional reports. More information is available on the websites of UNESCO’s Regional Bureaus for Education: Africa; Arab States; Asia and the Pacific; Latin America and the Caribbean.
In addition to the regular monitoring of EFA, UNESCO also supports countries in developing their national capacities and systems for data collection, management and analysis.