Education for Sustainable Development (ESD)

©Britta Hüning

Education for Sustainable Development allows every human being to acquire the knowledge, skills, attitudes and values necessary to shape a sustainable future. 

Education for Sustainable Development means including key sustainable development issues into teaching and learning; for example, climate change, disaster risk reduction, biodiversity, poverty reduction, and sustainable consumption. It also requires participatory teaching and learning methods that motivate and empower learners to change their behaviour and take action for sustainable development. Education for Sustainable Development consequently promotes competencies like critical thinking, imagining future scenarios and making decisions in a collaborative way. 

Education for Sustainable Development requires far-reaching changes in the way education is often practised today. 

UNESCO is the lead agency for the UN Decade of Education for SustainableDevelopment (2005-2014).

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