The Perspective of the Republic of serbia
Higher education is complex, costly and important. As a consequence, it attracts the attention of politicians, employers and potential students alike. Internationally, the demand for higher education is on the rise all over the world. In some countries, international students’ contributions to the economy are higher than in all other sectors. This is a principal reason to have quantified evidence regarding the potential quality and performance of any specific university.
The dilemmas regarding the ranking of universities are many, particularly because the mission and goals of higher education institutions vary so greatly from one university to another. Essentially, “one size cannot fit all”.
Ranking is significant in measuring universities’ performances. In that way it can become a tool of self-evaluation for universities. Moreover, it can engender a competitive spirit among higher education institutions.
On the other hand, rankings can be demotivating for both students and academic society. For one thing, there is always the possibility that data can be manipulated to achieve better scores for commercial purposes. For another, indicators for ranking criteria are not necessarily based on the mission and goals of a particular university, something very apparent in countries in transition like Serbia.
The Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Serbia aims to reform the Serbian higher education system according to the principals of the Shanghai Jiao Tong World University Ranking in order to prepare our universities to be more competitive at the European and wider international level.