Investing in Science, Technology and Innovation

©UNESCO / Ca Mau biosphere reserve

With science playing an important role in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, it is clear that, increased investment in Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) is crucial. High levels of investment in STIs can strengthen scientific infrastructure in schools and universities, which will not only lead to a greater understanding of current global issues but will also create new greener pathways for economic development.

UNESCO provides guidance to countries developing or revising national policy towards investment in STIs and works to develop statistical data analysis which allows government institutions to monitor STI investment and indicate areas where greater funding should be allocated.

Traditionally, Viet Nam has invested modestly in STIs and research and development; instead prioritizing investment in trade and commerce. However, recently Viet Nam has begun dramatically increasing investment in STIs, particularly in Ha Noi.

UNESCO also believes that innovation is key to development and that scientific breakthrough should be rewarded. Which is why, in 2015, Vietnamese scientist Dr Tran Ha Lien Phuong was awarded the L’Oréal-UNESCO prize for contributions to science.

In 2015, UNESCO recognised the Institute of Mathematics and the Institute of Physics of the Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology as Category 2 Centres. Though not legally part of UNESCO, the Centres are associated with UNESCO through formal arrangements approved by the 38th session of the General Conference (November 2015, Paris). The recognition and auspices for entering the Category 2 Centres Network, officially launched in 2017, supports Viet Nam’s implementation of the Strategy for Science and Technology Development for the 2011-20 period and has promoted capacity-building, knowledge sharing and research, providing valuable contributions to the implementation of UNESCO’s strategic programme objectives.

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