The UNESCO Office for Iraq was founded in Amman in 2003 to enable the international community to monitor and influence the evolution of Education, Culture, Sciences and Media situation in the country.
In 2004, facing recurrent threats from armed groups and bombings, United Nations agencies based most of their activities in Amman, Jordan. UNESCO maintains national staff in Baghdad and Erbil and associated monitors elsewhere in Iraq, however, who conduct frequent site visits throughout the country reporting on the implementation and evaluation of projects.
In addition, international staff undertake frequent missions to Iraq and the Organization is preparing to further reinforce its in-country capacity on a more permanent basis.
UNESCO supports programme implementation in line with the objectives of the Iraqi National Development Plan (2010-2014) and the International Compact with Iraq, as well as the objectives of its key national partners: the Ministries of Education and Higher Education, Water Resources, Labour and Social Affairs, Culture, Tourism and Antiquities, Governorates, the Independent Higher Electoral Commission, the Communications and Media Commission and others, as well as national and international NGOs.
A growing number of projects are implemented jointly with other UN agencies