29.07.2018 - UNESCO Office for Iraq

Adoption of a new Qualifications Framework for Technical and Vocational Education (TVET) in Iraq

The members of Inter-Ministerial Working Group signing of the Qualifications Framework document for TVET in Iraq and the Kurdistan Region

Baghdad, 18 July 2018 - an Inter-Ministerial Working Group comprised of senior representatives from the Federal and KRG Ministries of Education, of Higher Education and Scientific Research and of Labour and Social Affairs, as well as of the private sector, adopted and solemnly signed a new Technical and Vocational Qualifications Framework (TVQF) for Iraq.   The signing took place in the context of a 2-day meeting (17-18 July) at the Prime Minister’s Advisory Committee (PMAC) in Baghdad organized by UNESCO under its EU funded TVET reform programme. The adoption of the framework is another important milestone reached in the wider reform process.

The Technical and Vocational Qualifications Framework is an instrument for the classification of qualifications according to a set of criteria for specified levels of learning achieved. It integrates and coordinates national qualifications sub-systems and improves quality, transparency, access and progression. As such it is an essential mechanism for awarding locally, regionally and internationally recognized and valued qualifications.

In his opening remarks, Dr. Hamid Ahmad, the Deputy Chairman of PMAC and the Co- Chair of the TVET Reform Project Steering Committee stressed  the importance of the TVQF for improving the quality of TVET and its relevance to the job market “TVQF provides many benefits for the country, including a stronger basis for the understanding, comparison and recognition of national and foreign qualifications, thereby improving the understanding of employers, parents and learners of the value of qualifications. It provides fit-for-purpose qualifications that have stronger linkages with the labour market and that increase the accountability of education and training institutions helping maintaining high quality standards in their provision and meeting learners’ needs. The TVQF will improve opportunities for mobility and progression of learners within and across the higher education, vocational and general education sectors and promote the concept of lifelong learning through the promotion of all types of learning: formal, non-formal and informal” said Dr. Hamid. 

Dr. Muhammad Sabir, General Director of Education, Planning and Follow-up at the Kurdistan Regional Government said in his speech, “The adoption of the qualifications framework for TVET in Iraq, including the Kurdistan Region, will have a good impact on the development and reform of TVET and will help develop the desire of young people to gain technical and vocational capabilities in order to access appropriate employment opportunities as well as smooth transition between qualification levels”.

“The impacts of an approved Technical and Vocational Qualifications Framework in Iraq is likely to be significant and will drive improved outcomes for learners and employers. Implementing a qualifications framework is the work of many years, and requires strong commitment from all institutions and maintained political will,” said Louise Haxthausen, Director of the UNESCO Office for Iraq.

Dr. Fareed Majeed, Vice President of Middle Technical University stressed that “the adoption of the Qualifications Framework is a qualitative leap in the relationship between the TVET institutions and the Iraqi labour market. It will also regulate the transition process between educational and training levels, for example from secondary vocational education to a university technical degree in order to adopt the principle of accumulation of educational credits. 

This achievement has been determined through the identification of knowledge, skills and competencies at all levels within the framework, with the qualifications framework having been designed to reflect the current situation in Iraq, taking into consideration the Arab and international experiences in this field.”


The adoption of the framework is another important milestone reached in the wider TVET reform process. It builds on the draft TVET law, the development of competency based curriculum aligned to labour market demand, and large scale capacity development and training programmes.

For more information, contact:

Dhea Subhee, Public Information Officer, UNESCO Office for Iraq


Tel.: +964 078 2783 2739; Email: d.subhee(at)unesco.org




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