Providing Textbooks to 6,000,000 Primary & Secondary Students
UNESCO has helped review, print and distribute a series of both primary and secondary textbooks to all Iraqi students to ensure better quality of teaching in Iraq.
In post-war Iraq, there is an acute shortage of teaching and learning materials. As a result, there has been a heavy reliance and dependence on textbooks to maintain the education system and to provide educational opportunities to primary and secondary schools. Immediately following the fall of the former regime, the Ministry of Education (MoE) was unable to provide the total requirements without the assistance of international community.
In 2003, UNESCO formulated the Textbooks Quality Improvement Programme funded by USAID with the aim of reviewing the contents of science textbooks; overseeing their editing and revision; and assisting with printing and distribution. The project started in May 2003 and successfully provided textbooks to children during the school year 2003-2004. The main accomplishments of this project were:
- Initial training in textbook revision and sensitization to issues of quality education.
- Printing and distribution of nearly 8.8 million mathematics and science textbooks to 14,000 primary and secondary schools.
- Improvement in distribution management.
- Strengthening and building the capacity of MoE in printing and distribution of textbooks.
In the second phase, UNESCO reviewed and printed 9 million copies of primary and secondary school textbooks, which benefited 6 million students throughout Iraq for the academic year 2005-2006.
In addition, UNESCO established and equipped a modern pre-press centre and a Textbooks and CDs Library at the Ministry of Education in Baghdad. UNESCO also trained 14 officials on pre-press operations and 12 officials on writing and designing textbooks.
Finally, UNESCO formulated a National Textbooks Policy, which was adopted by the Iraqi government.