Local Area Development Programme (LADP)
UNESCO is involved in a programme scouting economic opportunities and social needs to ensure an integrated development in Iraqi regions.
A local area development programme (LADP) is a multi-year social and local economic development strategy aimed at alleviating poverty within a defined area.
The primary objective of an LADP is to identify ways to improve living conditions and opportunities to generate new employment. The plan identifies priority needs for vulnerable population groups and the necessary basic social services such as water and sanitation, electricity supply, basic health and education services and shelter. Through the establishment and development of micro, small and medium enterprises, the plan also addresses vocational and small business training requirements and identifies opportunities to generate additional short and long term employment.
Gender, environment, employment and conflict prevention are important cross-cutting themes that are integrated into all aspects of the preparation and implementation of an LADP. A wide range of local civil society and private sector stakeholders are involved in the preparation and execution of the plan.
The LADP process includes a fast track component so that selected high priority projects that will revive local economies, enhance services provision, and create short-term employment can be identified and implemented as the plan development unfolds.
The selection of these interventions will be based on participatory and inclusive methods that engage the same partners that are involved in the planning process.
The programme represents a joint effort among several UN agencies to affect change in selected areas in Iraq. The agencies involved are UNDP (lead agency), WHO, UNHABITAT, UNOPS, ILO, UNIFEM and UNESCO.
The programme is being implemented in three regions in Iraq, namely:
- Sayyed Sadeq and Halabja (Suleimanya)
- Hilla (Babylon)
- Jibayesh, Mdaina and Maymouna (Iraqi Marshlands)
UNESCO's component in the implementation of the project comprises:
- Being a lead agency for skills enhancement
- Implementing vocational and educational training needs assessments
- Provision of vocational, technical, apprenticeship and life skills training to target groups and entrepreneurs
- Advice and support to small business owners
- Support to the rehabilitation of damaged religious sites
- Strengthening capacities of vocational training providers
UNESCO is providing training on the development of the planning, design and delivery of life skills and employability skills courses, preparing business plans and action plans for the vocational training centres, training master instructors in the vocational training material development and delivery mechanisms and training in the development of short vocational training courses. Regarding Ministry of Education schools, UNESCO is refurbishing scientific and computer labs in selected schools, as this is a major priority for secondary schools in Iraq as outlined by the Iraqi central Ministry of Education.