Upgrading 11 Technical & Vocational Schools in Iraq
UNESCO is taking part in the revitalization of technical and vocational education to reinforce Iraq education sector’s development.
During the 1970s and 1980s, Iraq’s Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) system of secondary and post-secondary levels of education was one of the most developed and advanced systems in the region. At the secondary level, TVET was planned and managed by the Ministry of Education (MoE) with a fair amount of autonomy.
The events of 1991, the ensuing sanctions and the recent armed conflict have led to heavy damage of infrastructure and a general dislocation of the education system. Enrolment in TVET secondary schools recorded a decline of 56 per cent between 1990 and 2000 with an absolute decrease in enrolment from 147,942 students in 278 schools to 65,750 students in 263 schools during the same period. The situation has undoubtedly been deteriorated further as a result of the 2003 conflict and its aftermath. Empirical evidence suggested that nearly all TVET institutions suffered considerably due to the war, with many dysfunctional or functioning sporadically.
Accordingly, UNESCO implemented the "Revitalization of Technical and Vocational Education and Training – Phase I" project to meet urgent needs encountered by Iraqi education system, whereby it provided 11 Technical and Vocational Schools in Baghdad, Al-Muthanna and Ninewa with new workshop and IT Equipment, and trained several MoE technicians on the installation of the IT equipment and on networking.