12.03.2017 - UNESCO Office in Kabul

National Curriculum Framework Consultations in Afghanistan

12 March, 2017 Kabul – A request was made to UNESCO in June 2015 by the Ministry of Education (MoE) to prepare the foundations for sector-wide curriculum reform. Through its Capacity Development for Education 2030 (CapED) program and in partnership with the MoE, UNESCO has developed a proposal for curriculum reform, entitled the Curriculum Improvement Program for Afghanistan (CIPA).  

A key component of the CIPA proposal was to provide a roadmap towards finalization of the revised curriculum framework, and further work towards the revision of other elements of the official curriculum. As part of this reform process, UNESCO has supported the General Directorate for Curriculum (GDC) of the Ministry of Education (MoE) to conduct five consultation workshops at the national and sub-national levels (Kandahar, Herat, Balkh, Nangarhar and Kabul) on the revision of the national curriculum framework. The consultation workshops have convened representatives of the MOE, teachers, students, principals, school supervisors, parents, stakeholders from private and community based education schools, and the private sector.

These consultations concluded on March 7th with the final consultation workshop, held in Kabul. UNESCO and MoE/GDC are now consolidating the findings from these consultations. These findings will include recommendations covering all aspects of curriculum framework development: refining objectives where necessary, identification of key competencies, learning areas, and pedagogy, recommendations for lesson hour distribution and subject choice. “The consultation results will be used to develop a curriculum framework for general education, in line with the Government’s aspirations for Afghan education,” said General Director of Curriculum and Textbook Compilation Department of MoE in the workshop in Jalalabad. “A high quality and relevant curriculum is essential to ensuring education systems prepare our Afghan learners with the attitudes, skills, knowledge, and values to actively contribute to the countries social and economic development.” 

 A key underlying rationale for curriculum reform is the need for greater linkages between the education system and the world of work. Mr. Danilo Padilla, Chief of Education of UNESCO highlighted this in the workshop in Mazar-e-Sharif, stating “this phase of curriculum reform has a strong focus on making the curriculum more practical and has the intention to better prepare graduates for the job market. Both curriculum reform and stronger links between the education system and the labor market are considered key priorities under the quality component of the new National Education Strategic Plan (NESP III), 2017-2021.”  A further specialized workshop is proposed to be dedicated to developing greater linkages between the curriculum and the labor market, and will be scheduled for April 2017.

For further information about the report please contact with:

-       Leon Gaskin, Project Coordinator – Capacity Development for Education 2030 (CapED) l.gaskin(at)unesco.org

-       Habiburahman Rahmani, Notional Curriculum Consultant, Capacity Development for Education 2030 (CapED) hu.rahmani(at)unesco.org


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