30.07.2012 - UNESCO Office in Kathmandu

Private tutoring – a shadow education system? International study now available in Nepali

A UNESCO publication that will certainly contribute to the debate on public and private education in Nepal is now available in Nepali. Authored by Mark Bray, a former Director of UNESCO’s International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP), the book “Confronting the shadow education system: What government policies for what private tutoring?” is free for downloading under the title” छायां शिक्षा प्रणालीको सामना: कस्ता निजी ट्युसन, कस्ता सरकारी नीति ?”

Bray’s study focuses on the so-called shadow education system of private supplementary tutoring. In parts of Eastern Asia in particular, such tutoring has long existed on a large scale. It is now becoming increasingly evident in other parts of Asia and Africa, Europe and North America. Pupils commonly receive fee-free education in public schools and then at the end of the day and/or during week-ends and vacations receive supplementary tutoring in the same subjects on a fee-paying basis.

The  publication begins by surveying the scale, nature and implications of the shadow education system in a range of setting. Then it identifies possible government responds to the phenomenon. It encourages a proactive approach through which government determine which type of tutoring they consider desirable and which types are problematic, and then design appropriate policies. 

The book has already been translated into  French, Arabic, Urdu, Mongol, Korean, Georgian, Hindi and Bengali. All these language versions are available for free downloading from unesdoc database. http://www.unesco.org/new/en/unesco/resources/online-materials/publications/unesdoc-database/

Download the Nepali version


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