Lumbini: Past, Present & Future



  • 249 BC: Emperor Asoka visits Lumbini and erects the Asoka Pillar with Pali language inscriptions in the Brahmi script to pay homage to Buddha’s birthplace.
  • 1997: Lumbini is included in UNESCO’s World Heritage List.


UN Secretaries-General and Lumbini

Lumbini has been a focus of interest for UN Secretaries-General.  In March 1959, Dag Hammarskjöld visited Lumbini and made reference to Lord Buddha’s birthplace in a poem, which was found in his journal entries in his New York apartment after his death.  U Thant declared that his visit to Lumbini in April 1967 was one of the most important days of his life, and he set into motion UN initiatives for the development of Lumbini.  Ban Ki-Moon visited Lumbini in November 2008, and since then has expressed his strong support for Lumbini’s development on several occasions. 

Kenzo Tange Master Plan for Lumbini

The International Committee for the Development of Lumbini (ICDL) formed under United Nations initiated the preparation of the Master Plan for Lumbini, which was conceptualized by Kenzo Tange starting from 1972. The Kenzo Tange Master Plan was finalized and approved by the Government of Nepal and the UN in 1978. It covers an area of 5x5 mile. More...


   Prepared by UNDP/UNESCO Lumbini Support Project
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