Ferlo, Senegal, occupies a total area of 1 150 000 ha. Despite threats to the ecosystem caused by drought and human activities, it is home to a remarkable variety of flora and fauna. In particular, the Ferlo is home to emblematic species like the redneck ostrich, the red fronted gazelle and the endangered African blackwood (Dalbergia melanoxylon). Traditional activities include pastoralism and agriculture. Ecotourism, aquaculture or sustainable forestry will be promoted in order to diversify sources of income of the population. Ferlo also hosts several research institutions.