Galloway and southern Ayrshire Biosphere (United Kingdom)
Galloway and southern Ayrshire Biosphere, United Kingdom, represents the merging of two biosphere reserves covering a total area of 520 000 ha. It is composed of open field landscapes, lochs, moorlands, arable lands, pastures and afforested areas. The site has a very low human density with less than 100 000 inhabitants, and has suffered economically and socially from the closing of local mining and textile industries. There are few cities with no more than 10 000 inhabitants. The biodiversity is very high with important populations of grouse, golden eagles and mountains hares. The core area is composed of various protected areas under the management and ownership of the Scottish National Heritage. Tourism is growing, with more than 850,000 visitors per year.