Real Sitio de San Ildefonso-El Espinar (Spain)
Located in Segovia Province, 50 kilometres from Madrid, this site covers 35,414 hectares, and has a population of almost 14,000. The mountain of Valsain constitutes an important woodland area in the country and is of important ecological, economic, aesthetic and social value. Economic activities include glass production, tourism and small-scale farming. The site includes several research centres dedicated to forestry research and monitoring.