Bosque Seco (Ecuador)

This biosphere reserve in the south-west of Ecuador extends over 500,000 hectares, including scrub and the most extensive and best preserved dry forest in the country. It also home to one of the highest concentrations of endemic birds in South America and a significant population of flagship endemic species such as the American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) and the mantled howler monkey (Alouatta palliata). The main economic activities of the site, which is inhabited by more than 100,000 people, are livestock rearing and agriculture (coffee, fruit and corn).