Katon-Karagay (Kazakhstan)

This biosphere reserve in eastern Kazakhstan extends over an area of 1,631,940 hectares. The northern section includes part of the Katunskiy Ridge, with altitudes ranging from 2000 to 4500 metres, while the southern section stretches from 850 to 3487 metres (Southern Altai Ridge). The abundant meadow grasses and flowers on this site include over a thousand vascular plants – both ferns and seed plants – as well as mosses, lichens and fungi. The local population mainly rears cattle, sheep, deer and Siberian stags. They also cultivate cereal crops (barley and oats) as fodder for the cattle during the winter months.