Itaipu Biosphere Reserve (Paraguay)

Located in the east of the country this reserve covers a surface area of over a million hectares. It comprises an area of semi-deciduous sub-tropical forest also known as the Upper Paraná Atlantic Forest. It is one of the most important ecosystems for the conservation of biological diversity on a global scale, because of the large number of endemic species, richness of species and original cover. It is home to large predators such as harpies, jaguars, pumas and large herbivores such as tapirs. There is a permanent population of over 450,000 inhabitants.